Ôn tập Anh văn 11 - Comparisons

Ôn tập Anh văn 11 - Comparisons

I. Comparison of equality

 1. Affirmative

 as + adj/adv + as (bằng/như)

Ex: - Im as tall as Tom.

 (Tôi cao bằng Tom.)

 - John works as hard as his father.

 (John làm việc chăm chỉ như cha của anh ấy.)

2. Negative

 not as/so + adj/adv + as (không bằng/như)

Ex: - This watch is not as/so expensive as mine. (= my watch)

 (Đồng hồ này không đắt như của tôi.)

 - She does not sing as/so well as her sister.

 (Cô ấy hát không hay bằng chị cô ấy.)

 

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COMPARISONS
I. Comparison of equality
 1. Affirmative
	as + adj/adv + as (bằng/như)
Ex: - I’m as tall as Tom.
	 (Tôi cao bằng Tom.)
	 - John works as hard as his father.
	 (John làm việc chăm chỉ như cha của anh ấy.)
Negative
 	not as/so + adj/adv + as (không bằng/như)
Ex: - This watch is not as/so expensive as mine. (= my watch)
	 (Đồng hồ này không đắt như của tôi.)
	 - She does not sing as/so well as her sister.
	 (Cô ấy hát không hay bằng chị cô ấy.)
II. Comparative of adi/ adv
1. Short adj/ adv	
 adj/adv + ER + than
 Tính từ/trạng từ ngắn là từ có một vần hay hai vần tận cùng bằng “y”.
fast, cold, thick, lucky, happy .
Ex: - John is stronger than his brother.
	 (John khoẻ hơn anh của cậu ấy.)
	 - This athlete runs faster than that one.
 (Vận động viên này chạy nhanh hơn vận động viên kia)
2. Long adj/ adv	
 more + adj/adv + than
 Tính từ/trạng từ dài là từ có hai vần trở lên.
modern, patient, difficult, fluently, beautifully, 
Ex: - This problem is more difficult than we thought.
	 (Vấn đề này khó hơn chúng ta nghĩ.)
	 - He speaks English more fluently than his friend.
	 (Anh ta nói tiếng Anh trôi chảy hơn bạn của anh ta.)
III. Superlative of adj/ adv
 1. Short adj/ adv	
 the + adj/adv + EST
Ex: Yesterday was the hottest day of the year.
	 (Hôm qua là ngày nóng nhất trong năm.)
2. Long adj/ adv	
 the + MOST + adj/adv
Ex: She is the most beautiful girl in the class.
	 (Cô ấy là cô gái đẹp nhất trong lớp.)
* LƯU Ý: 
- Ta có thể dùng the least để chỉ mức độ kém  nhất.
Ex: This story is the least interesting of all.
 (Đây là câu chuyện kém thú vị nhất trong các câu chuyện.)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
EXERCISES (COMPARISONS)
I/ Complete the sentences. Use the comparative form of one of the words in the list.
 big crowed early easily high important
 interested peaceful reliable serious simple thin
1. I was feeling tired last night, so I went to bed earlier than usual.
2. I’d like to have a _________________ car. The one I’ve got keeps breaking down.
3. Unfortunately, her illness was_________________ than we thought at first.
4. You look_________________. Have you lost weight?
5. I want a________________ flat. We don’t have enough space here.
6. He doesn’t study very hard. He’s________________ in having a good time.
7. Health and happiness are_________________ than money.
8. The instructions were very complicated. They could have been__________
9. There were a lot of people on the bus. It was________________ than usual.
10. I like living in the country. It’s________________ than living in the town.
11. You’ll find your way around the town________________ if you have a good map.
12. In some parts of the country, prices are_________________ than in others.
II/ Fill in the blanks with the comparative of the adverbs in the box
easily early fast carefully high
often hard long loud
1. We could have found the place more easily with a map.
2. We can’t hear. Could you speak a bit____________________?
3. I can’t jump any_______________ than that.
4. We are late. Can you walk_______________________ than that?
5. There are big traffic jams in big cities. They happen__________ nowadays.
6. Who works the________________ in your family?
7. Of all the student, Mark did the test the__________________.
8. The movie starts at eight, but we should get to the theater a few minutes _________________.
9. This exercise may take__________________ than we thought.
III/ Complete the sentences. Use a superlative (-est or most) or a comparative (-er or more)
1. We stay at the ______________ hotel in the town. (cheap)
2. Our hotel was ______________ than all the others in the town. (cheap)
3. The United States is very large but Canada is ______________. (large)
4. What’s the__________________ river in the world? (long)
5. What is the________________ sport in your country? (popular)
6. Everest is the_____________ mountain in the world. It is ______________ than any other mountains. (high)
7. We had a great holiday. It was one of the______________ holidays we’re ever had. (enjoyable)
8. I prefer this chair to the other one. It’s ______________ . (comfortable)
9. What’s the______________ way of getting from here to the station? (quick)
10. Mr. and Mrs. Brown have got three daughters. The______________ is 14 years old. (old)
EXERCISES (COMPARISONS) 
I/ Use the comparative or superlative form of the adjectives.
 There are lots of hotels in HCM City. You get a wider (wide) choice here than in the other cities of Viet Nam. The new world hotel is the____________ (famous) because president Bill Clinton once stayed there. It’s also one of the______________ (expensive) hotels in the city. It is currently the____________ (large) hotel in Viet Nam with 552 guest rooms. Hotel Sofitel Plaza is a______________ (small) hotel but it is________________ (expensive) than the New World hotel. It’s the______________ (comfortable) of all. Hotel Equatorial HCM City is also a superior first-class hotel in the city, but it is_______________ (cheap) than Hotel Sofitel Plaza. These hotels are________________ (popular) with business people than with tourists. Personally I can’t think of anything________________ (boring) than a big modern hotel. My own favorite is Binh Quoi Tourist Village, which is______________ (small) and________________ (pleasant) than many other hotels. The staff at Bing Quoi Tourist Village are________________ (helpful) than at the other hotels. Binh Quoi tourist Village is also in a_____________ (nice) place than the others. There are 49 well-furnished rooms in a very quiet atmosphere. It is just about 20 minutes by car from the city center.
II/ Rewrite the sentences with as. as. or not as. as.
1. Bob is taller than Jack.
àJack isn’t______________________________________________________
2. Tokyo is bigger than Ha Noi.
àHa Noi isn’t___________________________________________________
3. Jill is more intelligent than Bill.
àBill is________________________________________________________
4. Are you and your husband the same age?
àAre you___________________________________ your husband?
5. You work harder than I
àI don’t _______________________________________________________
6. Dogs are friendlier than cats.
àCats_________________________________________________________
7. The sun is hotter than the moon.
àThe moon____________________________________________________
8. You look younger than Carol.
àCarol________________________________________________________
III/ Complete the sentences with an opposite adjective in its comparative or superlative form.
1. A: Dick is the youngest in the family
 B: No, he isn’t. He is the oldest.
2. A: Janet was richer than John.
 B: No, she wasn’t. She was__________________________________
3. A: This is the easiest exercise in the book.
 B: No, it isn’t. It’s__________________________________________
4. A: Robert is more polite than his brother?
 B: No. he isn’t. He is_______________________________________
5. A: The weather today is colder than yesterday.
 B: No, it isn’t. It’s_________________________________________
6. A: Jack is meaner than Alan.
 B: No, he isn’t. He is_______________________________________
7. A: I am the tallest in this class!
 B: No, you aren’t. You’re___________________________________
8. A: Nam was the happiest in the class.
 B: No, he wasn’t. He was___________________________________
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
IRREGULAR COMPARISON + EXERCISES 
I. Tính từ/ trạng từ bất qui tắc
Adj/ Adv
Comparative
Superlative
good/well (tốt)
better 
the best
bad/badly (xấu, dở)
worse 
the worst
far (xa) 
farther/further
the farthest/furthest
little (ít)
less
the least
many/much (nhiều)
more
the most
II. Tính từ/ trạng từ tận cùng là “e”
Ex: large 	larger	largest
 wide	wider	widest
 nice	nicer	nicest	
III. Tính từ tận cùng là “y”
Ex: easy	easier	easiest
 happy	happier	happiest
 pretty	prettier	prettiest
IV. Tính từ/ trạng từ tận cùng là phụ âm đứng trước là một nguyên âm
 Ex: hot	hotter	hottest
 big	bigger	biggest
 thin	thinner	thinnest
EXERCISES
I/ Give the correct form of the adjectives or adverbs in brackets. 
1. It was an awful day. It was the (bad)_____________ day of my life.
2. He was a bit depressed yesterday, but he looks (happy)____________today
3. John’s car runs (well)________________ than Mary’s.
4. That’s the (far)_______________ way to the city center.
5. I feel (good)_________________ today than I did last week.
6. HCM City is the (big)______________ city in Viet Nam.
7. Marjorie has (many)_______________ books than Sue.
8. He acts (badly)______________ than ever before.
9. This bottle has (little)______________ water than my bottle.
10. Nam is (nice)_______________ than Minh.
II/ Rewrite the following sentences, using Comparative
1. My homework is worse than yours.
àYour homework is____________________________________________
2. He does the test more easily than Nga.
àNga________________________________________________________
3. An dictionary is more expensive than an English book.
àAn English book_____________________________________________
4. He behaves now worse than he used to.
àHe used to__________________________________________________ 
5. My uncle is fatter than my father.
àMy father__________________________________________________
6. Viet Nam isn’t as large as the USA
àViet Nam__________________________________________________
7. My friend cooks better than I do.
àI_________________________________________________________
8. Hue to Ha Noi is nearer than HCM City to Ha Noi.
àHCM City to Ha Noi_________________________________________
Choose the best option that best completes each sentence:
1. He is not______________ tall as his father.
 A. the	 	B. as	 	C. than 	D. more
2. John’s grades are_____________than his sister’s.
 A. higher	B. more high	C. more higher	D. the highest
3. Deana is the_______________ of the three sisters.
 A. most short	B. shorter 	C. shortest	 	D. more short
4. She speaks English as_____________ as her friend does.
 A. good 	B. well 	C. better 	D. the best
5. Of the three shirts, this one is the_____________ .
 A. prettier	B. most prettiest	C. prettiest 	D. most pretty
6. The baby’s illness is_______________ than we thought at first.
 A. bad 	B. badder 	C. worse 	D. badly
7. Today is the_____________ day of the month.
 A. hoter 	B. hotter 	C. hotest	 D. hottest
8. He works more______________ than I.
 A. slow 	B. slowly 	C. most slowly	D. slowest
9. My book is as______________ as yours.
 A. good 	B. well	C. better	D. the best
10. I love you_____________ than I can say.
 A. much 	B. many 	C. more 	D. the most 

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