Tiếng Anh 11 - Grammar: The review of tenses

Tiếng Anh 11 - Grammar: The review of tenses

 GRAMMAR: THE REVIEW OF TENSES (continue)

 The simple present , simple past , present perfect and past perfect

 I. Aim:By the end of this lesson, Ss can understand and use some tenses: the present simple, the, the simple past and the present perfect

.II. Presentation

1.The present simple:

 a) form: With “ normal V”:

 (+) S + V1/ Vs/es; (-) S + don’t/ doesn’t; (?)Do/ does + S+ V1?

Ex: She likes swimming.

 With “ to be” : (+) S + am/ is / are; (-) S+ am, is, are +not; (?) Is/ are +S .

 Ex: We are students

 b) Usage: The present simple is used to talk

-about a permanent situation :He lives in Japan

-something is always true: water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.

-about something that regularly.happens: She leaves for school at 8 o’clock.

- The present simple can be used with:+ always, usually, often, sometimes, never, seldom

 + every Monday/ day/ week/ month/ year

 + twice a week/ month .

2. The simple past:

 a) form: With “ normal V”: (+): S + V2/ Ved; (-) S+ didn’t+V1; (?) Did+ S+ V1?

 Ex: She went to visit her grand parents last month.

 With “ to be”: (+): S + was/ were; (-) S+ was/were; (?) Was/were + S .?

 b) Usage: The simple past is used to talk

- about an action that took place in the past:Ex: I didn’t read the letter.

 It can be used with + last night/ Monday/ week/ month

 + 2 months/ years .ago

 + in 2000, 1999 .

- about a state that continued for some time, but that is now finished: Ex: He worked there for ten years.

- about an action that happened regularly in the past: Ex: I often played tennis with her.

 

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lWeek 1 The teaching date: 17.08.2010
Period 1 The planning date: 14.08.2010
 GRAMMAR: THE REVIEW OF TENSES (continue)
 The simple present , simple past , present perfect and past perfect
 I. Aim:By the end of this lesson, Ss can understand and use some tenses: the present simple, the, the simple past and the present perfect
.II. Presentation
1.The present simple:
 a) form: With “ normal V”: 
 (+) S + V1/ Vs/es; (-) S + don’t/ doesn’t; (?)Do/ does + S+ V1?
Ex: She likes swimming.
 With “ to be” : (+) S + am/ is / are; (-) S+ am, is, are +not; (?) Is/ are +S.
 Ex: We are students
 b) Usage: The present simple is used to talk 
-about a permanent situation :He lives in Japan
-something is always true: water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. 
-about something that regularly.happens: She leaves for school at 8 o’clock.
- The present simple can be used with:+ always, usually, often, sometimes, never, seldom
 + every Monday/ day/ week/ month/ year
 + twice a week/ month..
2. The simple past:
 a) form: With “ normal V”: (+): S + V2/ Ved; (-) S+ didn’t+V1; (?) Did+ S+ V1?
 Ex: She went to visit her grand parents last month.
 With “ to be”: (+): S + was/ were; (-) S+ was/were; (?) Was/were + S..?
 b) Usage: The simple past is used to talk 
- about an action that took place in the past:Ex: I didn’t read the letter.
 It can be used with + last night/ Monday/ week/ month
 + 2 months/ years ..ago
 + in 2000, 1999..
- about a state that continued for some time, but that is now finished: Ex: He worked there for ten years.
- about an action that happened regularly in the past: Ex: I often played tennis with her.
3.The present perfect : 
a) Form:	Have / has + P. P ( V3/ed) 
b) Usage: to talk about an action which happened in the past, lasts to the present and maybe contiues in the future. Or to talk about an action which has just completed.
 Some averbs or adverb phrase can used with the present perfec: “ so far, up till now , up to the present , never, ever , before, since , for, how long , recently, lately , already, yet.”
Ex: I have met many people since I came here
 We have been here for two weeks.
4. Past perfect: 
a. form: +S + had + P2..- S+ had not + P2.? Had+ S + P2?
Note: had= ’d, had not= hadn’t
b. Usage 1/ To tallk about an action that happened before another action or a time point in the past.
 -Adverbs or adverb phrase : Before, as soon as, after, when, by time, by the time, by 2000
 Ex:1/ By 2005 I had taken 50 photos.
2/ When I arrived at the station, the train had left for 15 minutes.
 3/ He died after he had been ill for a long time.
Week 1	 Teaching date : 18. 08.2010
Period :3	 Planning date : 14.08.2010
Unit 1 : FRIENDSHIP 
Lesson 1 : READING
I. Aims : By the end of the lesson , students will be able to :
understand the passage about friendship
identify the main idea
guess the meaning in context
express their own ideas about friendship.
II. Method: - Communicative approach
III. Skills : Integrated skills ( Especially reading skill) 
IV. Teaching aids: Text books, pictures ,chalk, ..
V. Teaching stages :
Stages
Activities
Content
Warmer
5’
Before you read
10’
While
you read
19’
After
you read
8’
Wrapping up (2’)
Home work (1’)
T writes the sentence on the board and ask sts to fill in the blanks with the suitable words .
Sts do in individual then discuss to the next.
T asks sts to answer
Others remark and correct.
Discussing the picture and poem
-T asks the whole class to look at the picture on page 12 and asks them some questions:
- T asks Ss to work in pairs to read the short poem on page 13 and answer the question: “ What do you think of the friend the friend in the poem?”
- T calls on some Ss to answer the question. T may give some comments and her suggestion: The friend in the poem is very dedicated and thoughtful. He/ she is willing to help his/ her friend in any circumstances.
Pre-teaching Vocabulary:
-Elicit the new words by asking questions, using the techniques suggested above.
- Read a new word three times. Ss listen and repeat after the teacher.
- Call on some Ss to repeat the word.
- Ask Ss to give the Vietnamese equivalent if necessary.
Setting the scene: 
-T introduces the scene: You are going to read a passage about the qualities of a long lasting friendship. While you are reading, do the tasks in the textbook.
-Task1.
- Then T instructs Ss to read the passage quickly and stop at the lines that contains these words to guess their meanings ( except for the word ‘friend’ as this word is familiar with Ss).
- Ss should read through the sentences provided in the task to identify the part of the word to fill in each blank.
- T asks Ss to work individually to do the task.
- T goes around to help Ss when necessary.
- T asks Ss to exchange their answer with other students.
- T asks Ss for their answers and tells them to explain their choices.
- T gives feedback and correct answers.
Task2 .
-T gets Ss do the task individually and then find a peer to compare their answer with. T might want to give them some time to re-read the passage.
-T instructs Ss to do this task with some strategies to find the main idea of the passage
- T calls on some Ss to give their answer and asks other Ss to stay whether they agree or disagree.
- T gives feedback and the correct answer.
Task3 .
-T asks Ss how to do this task if they don’t remember, T may instruct them some strategies to do the task:
-Sts do the exercise in individual then discuss in pair
- T calls on some Ss to write their answers on the board and ask them to explain their choices.
- T gives feedback and correct answer. 
-T asks Ss to work in pairs to discuss the question in the book.
- T goes around to help Ss when necessary.
- After their finish, T asks every two pairs to share ideas.
- T calls on some Ss to report their ideas to the class.
- T gives feedback.
-T summarizes the main points of the lesson.
- T asks Ss to learn by heart all of the new words.
Prepare the next period
 A ___________ in need is a ___________ indeed.
Expected answer :
A friend in need is a friend indeed.
Questions:
+ What are the girls and boys doing in the picture?
+ How do they feel?
+ What does the picture tell you?
 Suggested answers:
 + One boy is playing the guitar, and the other girls and boys are singing.
 + They seem very happy because I can see their smile.
 + The picture tells me that friends can happily do many things together. / Friendship is a nice thing that brings happiness to us.
Vocabulary:
1.lasting (adj) (explanation):
2. constant ['kɔnstənt](adj): (explanation):
g constancy (n): 
3. rumour ['ru:mə] (n):(definition):
4. gossip ['gɔsip] (n): (definition):
5. trust [trʌst] (n): (synonymy)= belief
6. sorrow ['sɔrou](n): ( synonymy)= grief.
7. pursuit [pə'sju:t]
 (n)( synonymy)= hobby=pastime.
TASK 1: Fill each blank with one of the words in the box.
 (8’) Expected answer
1. mutual 
2. incapable 
 3. unselfish.
4. acquaintance/ friend.
5. give and take 
6. loyal to
7. suspicious. 
Task 2 (5’): Instruction: You are to read the passage again and decide which of the choices A, B, C or D most adequately
Expected Answer: B
Task3 : Instruction: Ss are required to answer the six questions in the book.
Expected answer
1. The first quality for true friendship is unselfishness. It tells us/ me that a person who is concerned only with his/ her own interests and feelings can’t be a true friendship.( paragraph 2)
2. Because they take up an interest with enthusiasm, but they are soon tired of it, and they feel the attraction of some new object.( line 2-3 paragraph 3).
3. The third quality for true friendship is loyalty. It tells us/ me that two friends must be loyal to each other, and they must know each other so well that there can be no suspicions between them.( line 1-3, paragraph 4).
4. Because if not people can’t feel safe when telling the their other secrets.
5. Because they can’t keep a secret, either of their own or of others. (line 3-4, paragraph 5).
6. The last quality is sympathy. It tells us/ me that to be a true friend one must sympathize with his or her friend. Where there is no mutual sympathy between friends, there is no mutual sympathy between friends, there is no friendship. ( last paragraph) .
Instruction: You are required to work in pairs to discuss the questions in the text book: “ Why do we need to have friends?”. The report the results of your discussion to the class. 
Prepare part B- Speaking.
16.08.2010
Week : 2 Teaching date : 24.08.2010
Period : 4	 Planning date : 21.08.2010 
 Unit 1 : (cont )- Speaking
I.Aims : By the end of the lesson students will be able to describe the physical characteristics and personalities of their friends, using appropriate adjective
II. Method: - Communicative approach
III. Skills : Integrated skills ( Especially speaking skill) 
IV. Teaching aids: Text books, pictures ,chalks, ..
V. Teaching stages :
Stages
Activities
Content
Warm- up
6’
T gives two pictures of famous person 
T gives some words that Ss can use to do
Sts work in group
T helps them
T checks the answer.
* Stick the right words on some pieces of paper to the picture to describe them
*suggested :
Tall, good-looking , oval, straight , ..
Before 
you speak
5’
T gives handout
Sts work in group.
T asks some representatives to give their answers
T asks others to remark and corrects
T introduces the lesson
Handout :Match the right questions to the right answers :
A
B
1. What is she like ?
2. What does she look like ?
3.. How is she ?
a. She is fine.
b. Tall and beautiful.
c. Pretty and easygoing
Sugested answer :
1.b 2. c 3. a
Describing physical characteristics and personality of a person
While you speak
10’
14’
Task1 :
T asks Ss to open the books
Sts do the exercise by using the “ useful language “ in page 16.
-T may ask Ss to provide some adjectives/ expressions used to describe people appearance. T can also explain the words if necessary.
Sts work in group
T goes around and helps them if necessary
T checks in front of class
T makes model conversation with a st
Sts practice speaking in pair
T goes around to check and helps them.
T calls on some Ss to present their answers in front of the class.
T gives feedback.
Task 2 : 
T asks Ss to do in pairs (one asks and other answers) to describe their friends by using some useful expressions.
T can explain some useful expressions.
T goes around to help them if necessary.
T calls on some pairs to practice in front of class.
Task1 :
Look at the the useful language and add two more words for each category :
Height : medium, height, rather short, too tall ..
Face : round, long – high cheek bones , a scar
Forehead : high, low
Nose : long, straight, flat, turned-up
Hair : long medium length , straight, curly, wavy, bald, thin
Eyes : green, blue, brown, gray
Pants : flar , baggy
Appearance : p ... y Number
1. something coming out of your eyes when you are sad(Tear)
2. Fill in the gap with a suitable word to make a meaningful proverb”..or west, home is best”(East)
3. LUCKY NUMBER
4. A portable device getting people close together .
(Cell phone)
5.part of the body that moves repeatedly when you speak.(Mouth)
7. When you burn a piece of paper , it will turn to .
8. Something sweet we take from the bees (Honey) 
9. Part of a car protecting you from the wind 
(windscreen)
10. A cute white animal in the forest which runs very fast (rabbit)
Key : CHAM TOWER
Lead-in
In today’s lesson. You are going to write about man-made places . First I will provide you with some new words.
II. BEFORE YOU WRITE
Vocabulary
consist of (context)
Water consists of two elements: hydrogen and oxygen
in honor of (exp) (translation) 
they built the temple in honor of the national hero
statue (n) (context)
there is a statue of uncle Ho in the middle of our school yard 
what does statue mean ?
Buddha (n) (picture)
Activity 2.Checking: 
Activity 3: Instructions: writing about a place
III. WHILE YOU WRITE.
IV. AFTER YOU WRITE
Suggested key:
My visit to Nha Trang last year included a brief tour to Ponagar Cham Towers. This town complex is one of the most beautiful examples of Cham architecture in central
 Viet Nam.
The Ponagar Cham Towers consists of four towers. They are located on Cu Lao Marble hill two kilometers north of Nha Trang . they were built between the 8 th and 13 th centuries 
 Each town dedicated to different god. the largest tower was built in honor of lady Thien Y . the 22.5m high tower contains her sandstone statue sitting on Buddha’s throne . the 26m high statue has 10 hands , holding specific objects illustrating the power of Buddha.
The tour to Ponagar Cham towers lasted 5 hours. I felt tired but the visit was enjoyable , memorable and informative.
V. HOMEWORK.
Prepare the next period: Language focus.
Week : 32 	 Teaching date : 13.04.2011
Period : 99 	 Planning date : 09.04.2011
Unit 16: THE WONDERS OF THE WORLD
 E- LANGUAGE FOCUS
I. Aims : By the end of the lesson students can :
distinguish the 4 sounds / ft/, /vd/, /fs/, /vz/
know how to use the structures: It is said that: People say that
II. Method:Communicative approach
III. Skills: Integrated skills.
IV. Teaching aid: Textbook, chalk, blackboard, pictures.
 V. Teaching stages:
 ACTIVITIES.
CONTENT
Warm-up( 5ms) -Find the other part of your life
Noughts And Crosses Game
-T draws 9 numbered squares (as below) and asks Ss to play the Noughts and Crosses Game.
-T divides the class into Nought Group and Cross Group.
-T asks each group to take turns to choose a number, for each number there is a question for them to answer. If they get it right, they have I cross/nought. -The winner will be the group which forms three successive noughts / crosses in a straight line.
T declares the winner.
Lead – in
T writes on the BB: gift, moved, laughs, knives.
Can you pronounce these words?
T asks some Ss to have a try and correct their mistakes if necessary.
Do you think that those words have the same ending sounds?
(Expected answer : No)
Good, now let’s open your books to page 162 to learn about such cases.
II. PRONUNCIATTION. ( 7 ms)
1. Distinguishing sounds.
_T. introduces two consonant sounds /ft/ /vd/ /fs/ /vz/ by writing some words containing the sounds on the board.
_ T models the sounds and for a few times and explains the difference in producing them.
_ T hangs the chart
_ T plays the tape ( or reads) once for Ss to hear the words containing the sounds in the chart.
_Lets Ss. listen and repeat the words 
T asks :
Who can pronounce these words?
(Ss stand up to say the words)
T corrects their mistakes if necessary.
2.Practising the dialogue containing the targets sounds.
- T reads the dialogue aloud, then asks Ss to listen and repeat after him.
_T asks Ss work in pairs and read aloud the dialogue in textbook and to pick out the word containing the sounds.
-T calls on some Ss to read the sentences aloud, correcting their mistakes if necessary.
- T hangs this chart
T reads the sentences aloud, then asks Ss to listen an repeat after him.
T calls on some Ss to read the sentences aloud, correcting their mistakes if necessary.
III. GRAMMAR. ( 32 ms.)
Lead – in
-T draws a boy who is praised by his teacher.
-T writes:
Who can rewrite my sentence, beginning as shown?
People say that/It is said that
Tom is said
T writes and explains
It is said that /People say that + S + V
T draws another picture who was praised by teacher last week.
T lead to this sentence.
The teacher praised Tom last week.
T asks Ss to rewrite this sentence, beginning as shown.
Tom is said..
Exercise1.
T asks Ss to do exercise 1/pages 185 -186 in pairs.
T goes around to offer help.
T calls on some Ss to read their answers aloud.
T corrects their mistakes if necessary.
Suggested answers
Exrcise2
T asks Ss to do exercise 2/page 186 in pairs.
T goes around to offer help.
T calls on some Ss to read their answers aloud.
T corrects their mistakes if necessary.
Further practice: Choose the best answer
T hangs a chart containing an exercise.
T asks Ss to work in pairs to do this exercise.
T goes around to offer help.
T calls on some Ss to read their answer aloud.
T corrects their mistakes if necessary.
V. HOME WORD. ( 1m)
Warm-up
Noughts and Crosses Game.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1. something we give and take a parties. (gift)
2. something we use to cut things with (knife)
3. Find the missing word
She was .. to tears. (moved)
4. Find the missing word
Who . First will laught last.
5. the highest mountain in the world. (Everest)
6. The longest river in the world. (Nile)
7. Which letter can you drink? (letter T)
8. Which letter can you verb? (letter C)
9. Which letter can fly? (letter B)
II.PRONUNCIATION. 
- gift/ moved/ laughed/knives
/ft/ /vd/ /fs/ /vz/
-Practice the words containing the sounds in the chart
	Listen and repeat.
	/ft/	/vd/
	Gift	arrived
	List	loved
	Soft	moved
	/fs/	/vz/
	Coughs	behaves
	Laughs	loves
	Roofs	knives
-Practice the sounds in the sentences.
1. They are not on the roof now. They’ve been moved to the ground.
Use the lift. I’ll ring to say you’ve arrived
2. I thing he’s improved. Still coughs but laughs as lot, of course.
3. We have plenty of laughs. We miss him when he leaves.
4. He loves a nurse. Her name’s Soft. He wants me to bring her this gift.
5.He brought me a gift when he arrived.
III. GRAMMAR.
- T ask : Is the boy good? (Yes)
A asks: Does the teacher praise him every week? (yes)
-The teacher praises Tom every week.
-Expected answers:
+People say that/ It is said that Tom is praised by the teacher every week.
+Tom is said to be praised by the teacher every week.
-It is said that /People say that + S + V
-The teacher praised Tom last week.
Expected answer: Tom is said to have been praised by teacher last week.)
Form: S + is/was (said.) + to have + pp
.
Exercise1. Suggested answers:
Many people are said to be homeless after the floods.
The prisoner is thought to have escaped by climbing over the wall.
He is believed to have driven through the town at 90 km per hour.
Two people are reported to have been seriously injured in the accident.
Three men are said to have been arrested after the explosion.
The strike is expected to begin tomorrow.
He is said to speak English very well.
Exrcise2.
Example:
-It is a nice day, isn’t it?
-They aren’t hungry, are they ?
-You live here, don’t you?
-You don’t speak English, do you?
Exercise 2: Suggested answers
Suggested answers
He is thought to be very clever.
The wanted man is believed to living in NewYork.
He is known to be very rich.
The film is supposed to be very good.
Many people are thought to have been killed in the accident.
About a million puppies are thought to be born each year.
The factories are said to be much worse.
Those dogs are said to be dangerous.
IV. Further practice: Choose the best answer
Choose the best answer
It was in this village that Mr.John.17 years ago
A. were born	B. was born
C. born	D. has been born.
2. Nam is said to .. abroad three times before.
	A. be	B. been
	C. has been	D. have been
3. His wife is said to..a big company in Ho Chi Minh city now.
	A. be running	B. run
	C. will be running	D. to have run
4. The woman was said to for her husband ten years before she remarried
	A. wait	B. waited
	C. Has waited	D. have waited
Suggested answers : 1.B	2. D	3.A	4.D
Prepare the next period : Test yourself F
V. HOME WORD. ( 1m)
Prepare the next period : Test yourself F
11.04 .2011
Week : 33 	 Teaching date : 13.04.2011
Period : 100 	 Planning date : 09.04.2011
 TEST YOURSELF F
I. Aims : By the end of the lesson, students can use what they learn to do the exercise.
II. Method: Communicative method:
III. Skills: Integrated 
IV. Teaching aids : catsette player
V. Teaching stages :
Stages 
Activities 
Content 
Listening
10’
T lets sts read the questions before they listen
T asks sts to listen twice 
Sts give the answer
Others remark
T lets sts listen once again to check their answer
Suggested answers:
1.T 2. F 3. T 4. T 5. T
Reading 
10’
T lets sts read the passage
Sts work in pairs the discuss the answer 
T goes around and helps them
Sts give their answer 
Others remark and correct
T remark and gives comments
Suggested answers:
1. They were made in medicine in the 19th and 20th centuries.
2. A German doctor named Roentgen developed X- ray machine in 1895.
3. It was discovered in 1928.
4. Doctor can save people’s lives by giving them a new heart or new kidney. Hospitals have large computers and machines that help sick people live better lives.
5. It is a very old method of treating sickness and pain. It uses needles to help the human body fight pain and disease.
Pron and grammar
10’
T read the sound
Sts listen the tick 
T asks sts to work in group
Sts discuss then give their answer 
Others remark and correct
T remarks
a. Pronunciation
1. end 2. tense 3. lift 4.love
b. Grammar :
1. Jane is thought to be very rich.
2. She is said to have won a special prize
3. He is said to know five foreign languages.
4. The thief is thought to have got in through the kitchen window.
Writing
14’
T lets sts write the writing on the board and correct
T give the marks
Structure : 0.5 ms
Content : 1m
Words and sentences : 1m
Homework
1’
T asks sts to prepare for the next period.
Review the main contents for the second semester test.
 19. 04.2010 
Week : 30 	 Teaching date : 24. 03.2010
Period : 88 	 Planning date : 20 . 03.2010
 TEST 45’
I. Aims : 	- Students can do the test exactly and fluently by using what they learnt
	- Teacher can check sts’ understading about unit12,13 and 14	
II. Form : Multiple choice	
III. Homework
	- Prepare Unit 15 : ( reading)
22. 03. 2010 .

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