Đề thi thử đại học – Năm 2013 - 2014 môn thi: Tiếng Anh - Đề số 140

Đề thi thử đại học – Năm 2013 - 2014 môn thi: Tiếng Anh - Đề số 140

Question 1: She was the first woman in the Philippines. She was elected as the president of the country.

A. She was the first woman to be elected as the president of the Philippines.

B. She was the first woman who is elected as the president of the Philippines.

C. She was the first woman being elected as the president of the Philippines.

D. She was the first woman elected as the president of the Philippines.

Question 2: I’ve _____ what the problem is with the exam.

A. got on B. found out C. looked up D. put up

Question 3: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.

A. eliminate B. accelerate C. renovation D. stability

Question 4: I can’t hear. Please ___. A. tear up B. eat up C. count up D. speak up

Question 5: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the antonym of the underlined word in the following question. Our victory in this Olympic Games was hard won.

A. softly B. actively C. lightly D. weakly

Question 6: Founded in 1967 in Bangkok, _____.

A. the ASEAN success in promoting peace and stability gained

B. the peace and stability in the region has been successfully promoted by the ASEAN

C. the ASEAN’s promotion of peace and stability has been successful

D. the ASEAN has successfully promoted peace and stability in the region

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the questions from 7 to 16

 Canadian English is a regional variety of North American English that spans almost the entire continent. Canadian English became a separate variety of North American English after the American Revolution, when thousands of Loyalists, people who had supported the British, left the United States and fled north to Canada. Many Loyalists settled in southern Ontario in the 1780s, and their speech became the basis for what is called General Canadian, a definition based on the norms of urban middle-class speech.

Modern Canadian English is usually defined by the ways in which it resembles and differs from American or British English. Canadian English has a great deal in common with the English spoken in the United States, yet many Americans identify a Canadian accent as British. Many American visitors to Canada think the Canadian vocabulary sounds British – for example, they notice the British “tap” and “braces” instead of the American “faucet” and “suspenders”. On the other hand, many British people identify a Canadian accent as American, and British visitors think the Canadians have become Americanized, saying “gas” and “truck” for “petrol” and “lorry”.

 People who live outside North America often find it difficult to hear the differences between Canadian and American English. There are many similarities between the two varieties, yet they are far from identical. Canadian English is instantly recognizable to other Canadians, and one Canadian in a crowded room will easily spot the other Canadian among the North Americans.

 There is no distinctive Canadian grammar. The differences are mainly in pronunciation, vocabulary, and idioms. Canadian pronunciation reflects the experience of a people struggling for national identity against two strong influences. About 75 per cent of Canadians use the English “zed” rather than the American “zee” for the name of the last letter of the alphabet. On the other hand, 75 per cent of Canadians use the American pronunciation of “schedule”, “tomato”, and “missile”. The most obvious and distinctive feature of Canadian speech is probably its vowel sound, the diphthong “/ou/”. In Canada, “out” is pronounced like “oat” in nearby U.S. accents. There are other identifying features of Canadian vowels: for example, “cot” is pronounced the same as “caught” and “collar” the same as “caller”.

An important characteristic of the vocabulary of Canadian English is the use of many words and phrases originating in Canada itself, such as “kerosene” and “chesterfield” (“sofa”). Several words are borrowed from North American Indian languages, for example, “kayak”, “caribou”, “parka”, and “skookum” (“strong”). The name of the country itself has an Indian origin; the Iroquois word “kanata” originally meant “village”. A number of terms for ice hockey – “face-off”, “blue-line”, and “puck” – have become part of World Standard English.

 

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SỞ GD & ĐT -------
TRƯỜNG THPT ------------
ĐỀ THI THỬ ĐẠI HỌC– NĂM 2013 - 2014
MÔN THI: TIẾNG ANH-ĐỀ SỐ 140
Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút; 
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 1: She was the first woman in the Philippines. She was elected as the president of the country.
A. She was the first woman to be elected as the president of the Philippines.
B. She was the first woman who is elected as the president of the Philippines.
C. She was the first woman being elected as the president of the Philippines.
D. She was the first woman elected as the president of the Philippines.
Question 2: I’ve _____ what the problem is with the exam.
A. got on	B. found out	C. looked up	D. put up
Question 3: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
A. eliminate	B. accelerate	C. renovation	D. stability
Question 4: I can’t hear. Please ___. A. tear up	B. eat up	C. count up	D. speak up
Question 5: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the antonym of the underlined word in the following question. Our victory in this Olympic Games was hard won.
A. softly	B. actively	C. lightly	D. weakly
Question 6: Founded in 1967 in Bangkok, _____.
A. the ASEAN success in promoting peace and stability gained
B. the peace and stability in the region has been successfully promoted by the ASEAN
C. the ASEAN’s promotion of peace and stability has been successful
D. the ASEAN has successfully promoted peace and stability in the region
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the questions from 7 to 16
	Canadian English is a regional variety of North American English that spans almost the entire continent. Canadian English became a separate variety of North American English after the American Revolution, when thousands of Loyalists, people who had supported the British, left the United States and fled north to Canada. Many Loyalists settled in southern Ontario in the 1780s, and their speech became the basis for what is called General Canadian, a definition based on the norms of urban middle-class speech.
Modern Canadian English is usually defined by the ways in which it resembles and differs from American or British English. Canadian English has a great deal in common with the English spoken in the United States, yet many Americans identify a Canadian accent as British. Many American visitors to Canada think the Canadian vocabulary sounds British – for example, they notice the British “tap” and “braces” instead of the American “faucet” and “suspenders”. On the other hand, many British people identify a Canadian accent as American, and British visitors think the Canadians have become Americanized, saying “gas” and “truck” for “petrol” and “lorry”.
	People who live outside North America often find it difficult to hear the differences between Canadian and American English. There are many similarities between the two varieties, yet they are far from identical. Canadian English is instantly recognizable to other Canadians, and one Canadian in a crowded room will easily spot the other Canadian among the North Americans.
	There is no distinctive Canadian grammar. The differences are mainly in pronunciation, vocabulary, and idioms. Canadian pronunciation reflects the experience of a people struggling for national identity against two strong influences. About 75 per cent of Canadians use the English “zed” rather than the American “zee” for the name of the last letter of the alphabet. On the other hand, 75 per cent of Canadians use the American pronunciation of “schedule”, “tomato”, and “missile”. The most obvious and distinctive feature of Canadian speech is probably its vowel sound, the diphthong “/ou/”. In Canada, “out” is pronounced like “oat” in nearby U.S. accents. There are other identifying features of Canadian vowels: for example, “cot” is pronounced the same as “caught” and “collar” the same as “caller”.
An important characteristic of the vocabulary of Canadian English is the use of many words and phrases originating in Canada itself, such as “kerosene” and “chesterfield” (“sofa”). Several words are borrowed from North American Indian languages, for example, “kayak”, “caribou”, “parka”, and “skookum” (“strong”). The name of the country itself has an Indian origin; the Iroquois word “kanata” originally meant “village”. A number of terms for ice hockey – “face-off”, “blue-line”, and “puck” – have become part of World Standard English.
	Some features of Canadian English seem to be unique and are often deliberately identified with Canadian speakers in such contexts as dramatic and literary characterizations. Among the original Canadian idioms, perhaps the most famous is the almost universal use of “eh?” as a tag question, as in “That’s a good movie, eh?” “Eh” is also used as a filler during a narrative, as in “I’m walking home from work, eh, and I’m thinking about dinner. I finally get home, eh, and the refrigerator is empty.”
	The traditional view holds that there are no dialects in Canadian English and that Canadians cannot tell where other Canadians are from just by listening to them. The linguists of today disagree with this view. While there is a greater degree of homogeneity in Canadian English compared with American English, several dialect areas do exist across Canada. Linguists have identified distinct dialects for the Maritime Provinces, Newfoundland, the Ottawa Valley, southern Ontario, the Prairie Provinces, the Arctic North, and the West.
Question 7: According to the passage, how did Canadian English become a distinct variety of North American English?
	A. Canadians declared their language to be different from U.S. English.
	B. Growth of the middle class led to a standard school curriculum.
	C. A large group of Loyalists settled in one region at the same time.
	D. Linguists noticed that Canadians spoke a unique dialect.
Question 8: The word “norms” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to “_____”.
	A. words	B. history	C. ideas	D. patterns
Question 9: The phrase “a great deal in common with” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to “_____”.
	A. the same problems as	B. easier pronunciation than
	C. many similarities to	D. different words for
Question 10: In paragraph 2, what point does the author make about Canadian English?
	A. American and British visitors define Canadian English by their own norms.
	B. Canadians speak English with an accent that Americans cannot understand.
	C. Canadian English is more similar to American than to British English.
	D. Canadian English has many words that are not in other varieties of English.
Question 11: The phrase “the two varieties” in paragraph 3 refers to _____.
A. Canadian English and American English	B. general Canadian and North American
C. British English and Canadian English	D. people who live outside North American
Question 12: The word “spot” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _____.
A. prefer	B. find	C. describe	D. ignore
Question 13: Which sentence below best expresses the essential information in the underlined sentence in paragraph 4?
A. Canadian English has been strongly influenced by both British and American English.
B. Canadians have tried to distinguished themselves as a nation, and this effort is shown in their pronunciation.
C. Canada is the only nation where people can deliberately choose which pronunciation they prefer.
D. Many newcomers to Canada must work hard to master the national style of pronouncing English.
Question 14: All of the following words originated in North American Indian languages EXCEPT _____.
A. parka	B. kerosene	C. Canada	D. kayak
Question 15: Which of the following can be inferred from paragraph 5 about vocabulary?
A. Much of the vocabulary for ice hockey originated in Canada.
B. Vocabulary is the most distinctive feature of Canadian English.
C. Canadians use more North American Indian words than Americans do.
D. World Standard English has a very large vocabulary.
Question 16: The author discusses the expression “eh” in paragraph 6 as an example of _____.
A. an expression that few people outside Canada have heard
B. a style of Canadian drama and literature
C. a word that cannot be translated into other languages D. an idiom that uniquely characterizes Canadian speech
Question 17: What _____ today if you hadn’t come here last weekend?
A. will you be doing B. would you be doing C. were you doing	 D. could you do
Question 18: _____ I am aware, there were no problems during the first six months.
A. As far as	B. So much as	C. Much more than	D. Except that
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the blanks from19 to 28.
	Every culture has its own (19)____ list of behavior that is acceptable. Every society (20)____ has its taboos, or types of behavior that are considered a violation of (21)_____ manners. If you travel to (22)____ country, on business or vacation, it is really (23)____ to learn some of that country’s customs so that you (24)____ insult the local people there. The word “taboo” comes from the Tongan language and is used in (25)____ English to describe verbal and non-verbal behavior that is forbidden or to be (26)____. In spite of people’s common thought, taboos are not universal and they tend to be (27____ to a certain culture or country, and usually form around a community’s values and beliefs. (28____, what is considered acceptable behavior in one country may be a serious taboo in another.
Question 19: A. written	B. spoken	C. unwritten	D. unspoken
Question 20: A. already	B. although	C. always	D. also
Question 21: A. wonderful	B. excellent	C. good	D. terrific
Question 22: A. another	B. other	C. one another	D. the other
Question 23: A. grateful	B. doubtful	C. thankful	D. helpful
Question 24: A. can’t	B. mustn’t	C. needn’t	D. don’t
Question 25: A. ancient	B. classical	C. modern	D. instant
Question 26: A. received	B. performed	C. avoided	D. completed
Question 27: A. specific	B. specialized	C. specified	D. special
Question 28: A. However	B. Therefore	C. Together	D. Then
Question 29: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions.
A. tension	B. erosion	C. procession	D. depression
Question 30: We’re trying to _____ a holiday together.
A. fix with	B. fix up	C. fix on	D. fix for
Question 31: Ann said, “My dear friend, it’s time you _____ better for the test.”
A. have prepared	B. to prepare	C. prepared	D. are preparing
Question 32: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer t ... times larger than Delaware
D. Delaware has a small population compared to other states
Question 49: It can be inferred from the passage that the Articles of Confederation ___________.
A. allowed small states to dominate large ones
B. provided for only a weak central government
C. were revised and presented as the Large State Plan
D. were supported by a majority of the delegates at the Convention
Question 50: According to the passage, in 1787 which of the following states had the FEWEST people?
A. New York	B. Delaware	C. New Jersey	D. Virginia
Question 51: In line 10, the phrase this plan (paragraph 2) refers to ___________.
A. a plan suggested by the national legislature	B. the Small State Plan
C. a compromise plan	D. the Large State Plan
Question 52: According to the passage, the weather had what effect on the Constitutional Convention?
A. Cold temperatures made Independence Hall an uncomfortable place to work
B. Hot weather intensified the debate while cooler weather brought compromise
C. Bad weather prevented some of the delegates from reaching Philadelphia
D. Delegates hurried to achieve an agreement before winter arrived
Question 53: The word shrewd (paragraph 3) is closest in meaning to ___________.
A. clever	B. unfair	C. important	D. practical
Question 54: Which of the following is NOT given in the passage as one of the provisions of the Great Compromise?
A. Each state would have two senators
B. Congress would be divided into two bodies
C. There would be only one national executive
D. The president would be elected by popular vote
Question 55: The author uses the phrase broke the logjam (paragraph 3) to indicate that ___________.
A. the Convention came to a sudden end	B. the situation had become desperate
C. the government was nearly bankrupt	D. some major problems had been solved
VIII. Read the following passage taken from Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 8th edition, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 56 to 65. 
THE VIETNAM WAR
Like the Korean War, the Vietnam War was a result of US policy during the Cold War, a period when Americans believed that Communism, the political system in the Soviet Union and China, was a threat to their ___(56) ___ and power. 
Vietnam, a colony of France, wanted to become independent, but the US believed that Communists were behind the ___(57) ___ movement, and so opposed it. The US became ___(58) ___ in Vietnam only gradually. At first, under President Eisenhower, it provided the French with supplies. In 1954 the Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into the Communist North and the anti-Communist South. Under President Kennedy, in the early 1960s, many US soldiers were sent to the South ___(59) ___ advisers. In 1964, after an attack on US ships, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution which gave President Johnson greater powers to fight a war, and in the spring of 1965 Marines were sent to South Vietnam. 
It was easy to keep the Communist forces, called the National Liberation Front or the Viet Cong, ___(60) ___ South Vietnam, but much ___(61) ___ to defeat them. The US used bombs against the Vietnamese troops, and chemicals to destroy crops, which had a terrible effect on people as well as on the land. There were also reports of atrocities (= acts of extreme violence and cruelty ) committed by both sides. In 1968 the My Lai massacre, in which over 300 civilians were killed by US soldiers, ___(62) ___ Americans at home. Many US soldiers were not sure ___(63) ___ they were fighting the war and became traumatized by the violence around them. Discipline became a problem, and the use of drugs was common. Soldiers were accused of committing acts of violence against each other and against Vietnamese civilians. 
In 1968 the Viet Cong started a major attack, and the US position in South Vietnam was threatened. As the war escalated it lost support at home and also in other countries. When Richard Nixon became President he ___(64) ___tried to attack hard and force the Viet Cong to come to an agreement. The war then spread to Vietnam’s neighbour, Cambodia. Finally, in 1972, Nixon sent Henry Kissinger to negotiate a ceasefire, and afterwards the US was no longer directly involved in the war, though it continued to provide supplies. In 1975 the government of South Vietnam fell and the country was ___(65) ___ by the Communist forces. 
© Oxford University Press, 2010
Question 56: A. security	B. assurance	C. safe	D. save
Question 57: A. independent	B. dependence	C. independence	D. dependent
Question 58: A. to have involved B. involving	C. to be involved	D. involved
Question 59: A. to	B. such as	C. as	D. than
Question 60: A. out of	B. away from	C. into	D. up with
Question 61: A. stronger	B. greater	C. sharper	D. harder
Question 62: A. were shocked	B. shocked	C. shock	D. had shocked
Question 63: A. where	B. why	C. how	D. what
Question 64: A. at first	B. last	C. first	D. at last
Question 65: A. taken over	B. brought in	C. come round	D. put up
IX. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 66 to 75. 
(1)	 The initial contact between American Indians and European settlers usually involved trade, whereby Indians acquired tools and firearms and the Europeans obtained furs. These initial events usually  pitted Indian tribes against each other as they competed for the European trade and for the lands containing fur-producing animals. When the furs had been depleted, the Europeans began a (5) campaign to obtain the lands the Indians occupied. The Indians often formed confederations and alliances to fight back the Europeans; however, the Indians’ involvement in the white people’s wars usually disrupted these confederations. Indians resisted the attempts by the whites to displace them. They fought defensive wars such as the Black Hawk War in 1832. Indian uprisings also occurred, like the Sioux uprising in the 1860s.
(10) Despite the resistance of the Indians, the Europeans were destined to win the conflict. After Indian resistance was crushed, the whites legitimized the taking of Indian lands by proposing treaties, frequently offering gifts to Indian chiefs to get them sign the treaties. Once an Indian group had signed a treaty, the whites proceeded to remove them from their land. Often the Indians were forced west of the Mississippi into Indian Territory-land the whites considered uninhabitable. If only a few Indians remained after the (15) conquest, they were often absorbed by local tribes or forced onto reservations.
 No aspect of American history is more poignant than the accounts of the forced removal of Indians across the continent. As white settlers migrated farther west, Indians were forced to sign new treaties giving up the lands earlier treaties had promised them. Some Indian tribes, realizing the futility of resistance, accepted their fate and moved westward without force. The Winnebagos, who offered little (20) resistance, were shifted from place to place between 1829 and 1866. About half of them perished during their perpetual sojourn. Other tribes, however, bitterly resisted. The Seminoles signed a treaty in 1832 but violently resisted removal. Hostilities broke out in 1835 and continued for seven years. The United States government lost nearly 1,500 men and spent over $50 million in its attempts to crush Seminole resistance. Most of Seminoles were eventually forced to Indian Territory. However, several (25) hundred remained in the Florida Everglades, where their descendants live today.
Question 66: What does the passage mainly discuss?
A.    Trade between American Indians and European settlers.
B.    Conflict between American Indians and European settlers.
C.    The diverse cultures of American Indian tribes.
D.    Violation of treaties by white settlers.
Question 67: What does the author mean by the phrase “pitted Indian tribes against each other”?
A.    Trade with Europeans took place in public market pits.
B.    Athletic events were popular with the Indian tribes.
C.    Indians used European-made firearms in their shooting competitions.
D.    Contact with Europeans caused opposition among Indian tribes.
Question 68: The word “legitimized (paragraph 2) is closest in meaning to                     .
A.  wrote to support	B.  coordinated
C.  encouraged	D.  justified
Question 69: It can be concluded from the lines 10-12 that                     .
A.    Indian chiefs were easily bribed by economic offerings.
B.    Europeans had greater military, political, and economic power than Indians.
C.    Both Indians and Europeans wanted to end the conflict by signing treaties.
D.    Europeans showed great speaking skill in their treaty proposals.
Question 70: The author makes the point that Indian Territory was                     .
A.    where a few Indians remained.
B.    in the western part of Mississippi.
C.    considered undesirable by European settlers.
D.    where several battles between Indians and whites took place.
Question 71: According to the passage, which of the following did NOT happen?
A.    Indians rebelled against European settlers.
B.    Indians were forced to live on reservations.
C.    Indian tribes formed alliances with other tribes.
D.    Treaties allowed Indians to live where they wanted.
Question 72: In lines 16-18, the author implies that                      .
A.    many accounts of Indian removal are not true.
B.    Indian removal was a shameful tragedy of American history.
C.    Indian treaties and removal were minor events in American history.
D.    new treaties promised Indians more land than had the earlier treaties.
Question 73: The word “futility” could be best replaced by                     .
A.  advantage	B.  importance
C.  expense	D.  uselessness
Question 74: The word “perpetual” in paragraph3 is closest in meaning to                     .
A.  long-lasting	B.  gradual
C.  victorious	D.  seasonal
Question 75: According to the passage, which tribe did NOT fight against removal?
A.  Sioux	B.  Seminole
C.  Winnebago	D.  Black Hawk
X. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 76. Monrovian conducted the orchestra gracefully and with style to the delight of his appreciative audience. A	B	 C	D
Question 77. Students should be encouraged to discuss critically about the information that they are given.	 A	 B	 C	 D
Question 78. The package containing books and records were delivered last week.
 A	 B C D
Question 79. Psychological experiment indicate that people remember more math problems that they 
 A
can’t solve than those they are able to solve.
 B C 	 D
Question 80. Studying the science of logic is one way to cultivate one’s reason skills.
	 A B C D
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