Bài tập Tiếng Anh 11 - Unit 10: Nature in danger

Bài tập Tiếng Anh 11 - Unit 10: Nature in danger

GLOSSARY

1. ban [bæn] ( to ban sb. from sth. / doing sth.) cấm ai làm điều gì

2. blame [bleim] ( to blame sb. for sth.; to blame sth. on sb.) khiển trách, đổ lỗi

3. cheetah ['t∫i:tə] loài báo gêpa

4. co-exist ['kouig'zist] ( to coexist with sb.) cùng tồn tại  coexistence (n)

5. consequence ['kɔnsikwəns] hậu quả, kết quả

 to take the consequence of something: chịu hậu quả của việc gì

 in consequence of something: do kết quả của điều gì

 it's of no consequence: cái đó không có gì quan trọng; cái đó chả thành vấn đề

 by way of consequences; in consequences: vì thế, vậy thì, như vậy thì

6. cultivation [,kʌlti'vei∫n] sự cày cấy, sự trồng trọt

7. devastating ['devəsteitiη] tàn phá, phá huỷ, phá phách

8. dinosaur ['dainəsɔ:] khủng long

9. discharge [dis't∫ɑ:dʒ] phun ra, đổ ra, thải ra

10. discourage [dis'kʌridʒ] làm mất hết can đảm, làm chán nản, làm ngã lòng, làm nản lòng ( sb. from doing sth.) can ngăn (ai làm việc gì)

11. endanger [in'deindʒə(r)] gây nguy hiểm

12. extinct [iks'tiηkt] tuyệt giống, tuyệt chủng  extinction (n)

13. fur [fə:]lông thú

14. interference [,intə'fiərəns]( interference in / with sth.) sự can thiệp; sự xen vào; sự xía vào

15. maintenance ['meintinəns] sự giữ gìn; sự duy trì  maintain (v)

16. midway ['mid'wei] (midway between sth. and sth.) ở giữa; ở nửa đường

17. panda ['pændə] gấu trúc (như) giant panda

18. pesticide ['pestisaid] thuốc diệt loài gây hại, thuốc trừ sâu

19. rare [reə] hiếm; hiếm thấy; hiếm có; ít có

  rarity (n)

 

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UNIT 10 NATURE IN DANGER 
GLOSSARY
ban [bæn] ( to ban sb. from sth. / doing sth.) cấm ai làm điều gì
blame [bleim] ( to blame sb. for sth.; to blame sth. on sb.) khiển trách, đổ lỗi
cheetah ['t∫i:tə] loài báo gêpa
co-exist ['kouig'zist] ( to coexist with sb.) cùng tồn tại à coexistence (n)
consequence ['kɔnsikwəns] hậu quả, kết quả
à to take the consequence of something: chịu hậu quả của việc gì
à in consequence of something: do kết quả của điều gì
à it's of no consequence: cái đó không có gì quan trọng; cái đó chả thành vấn đề
à by way of consequences; in consequences: vì thế, vậy thì, như vậy thì
cultivation [,kʌlti'vei∫n] sự cày cấy, sự trồng trọt
devastating ['devəsteitiη] tàn phá, phá huỷ, phá phách
dinosaur ['dainəsɔ:] khủng long
discharge [dis't∫ɑ:dʒ] phun ra, đổ ra, thải ra 
discourage [dis'kʌridʒ] làm mất hết can đảm, làm chán nản, làm ngã lòng, làm nản lòng ( sb. from doing sth.) can ngăn (ai làm việc gì)
endanger [in'deindʒə(r)] gây nguy hiểm
extinct [iks'tiηkt] tuyệt giống, tuyệt chủng à extinction (n)
fur [fə:]lông thú
interference [,intə'fiərəns]( interference in / with sth.) sự can thiệp; sự xen vào; sự xía vào
maintenance ['meintinəns] sự giữ gìn; sự duy trì à maintain (v)
midway ['mid'wei] (midway between sth. and sth.) ở giữa; ở nửa đường
panda ['pændə] gấu trúc (như) giant panda
pesticide ['pestisaid] thuốc diệt loài gây hại, thuốc trừ sâu
rare [reə] hiếm; hiếm thấy; hiếm có; ít có
	à rarity (n)
recreation [,rekri'ei∫n] sự nghỉ ngơi, sự giải trí, sự tiêu khiển
respect [ri'spekt] khía cạnh, phương diện
survival [sə'vaivl] sự sống sót; sự tồn tại; người còn lại; vật sót lại; tàn dư, tàn tích
	à survive (v)
wild [waild] dại, hoang dã à in the wild : môi trường tự nhiên
The human race is only one small species of beings in the living world. Many other species exist on this planet. However, human beings have a great influence on the rest of the world. They are changing the environment by building cities and villages where forests once stood. They are affecting the water supply by using water for industry and agriculture. They are changing weather conditions by cutting down trees in the forests. And they are destroying the air by adding pollutants to it. 
It can be said that human beings are changing the environment in all respects through their actions and by their habits. This has resulted in two serious consequences. The first is that many kinds of rare animals are killed. The second is that the environment where these animals are living is badly destroyed. As a result, the number of rare animals is decreasing so rapidly that they are in danger of becoming extinct. 
In order to make sure that these rare animals do not disappear, efforts have been made to protect endangered nature. Scientists have made lists of endangered species and suggested ways to save them. Many organisations have been set up and funds have been raised. Thousands of national parks all over the world have been established to protect endangered animals. Laws have been introduced to prohibit the killing of endangered animals and the destruction of the environments where these rare animals are living. 
If people's interference with the environment decreases, more species will survive and produce off-spring. The Earth will be a happy planet where human beings, animals and plants peacefully coexist. 
Task 1. The words in the box all appear in the passage. Fill each blank with a suitable word. 
	pollutants, interferences, protect, endangered, decrease, extinct
Dinosaurs became _____millions of years ago. 
She tried to _____ herself from the wind. 
It is time governments of the developing countries should do something to ____ the population growth. 
 The chemical ______ from cars and factories make the air, water and soil dangerously dirty. 
5. The blue whale is a(n) _____ species. 
 With the _____ of human beings, many animals have become extinct. 
Task 2. Circle A, B, C or D that best states the main idea of each paragraph. 
Paragraph 1 
Human beings need to grow food. 
 Human beings pollute the environment. 
 Human beings interfere with nature. 
D. People should stop living in cities and villages. 
Paragraph 2 
Many animals are disappearing. 
Human beings are responsible for the changes in the environment. 
People are in danger of becoming extinct. 
Endangered species include human race. 
Paragraph 3 
Human beings have made efforts to protect endangered nature. 
Scientists have made a long list of endangered species. 
People should be kept away from animals and plants. 
Rare animals do not disappear. 
Paragraph 4 
The survival of endangered species 
The Earth - a happy planet 
Conditions for a peaceful co-existence 
People's interference with the environment 
Task 3. Answer the questions
What are the four ways by which human beings are changing the world?
..
..
..
What are the serious consequences of people’s interference with the environment?
..
..
..
What has been done to protect the environment?
..
..
..
GRAMMAR FOCUS
RELATIVE CLAUSES
Exercise 1. Choose the suitable italicised words to complete the following sentences. 
To who/whom it may concern. 
It was a service for which/that I will be grateful. 
The success of a shared holiday depends on who/whom you share it with. 
Do you like the person who/whom sits next to you? 
Midway through the second half Manchester United scored their third goal, at that/which point Leeds United gave up completely. 
There is one person to whom/who I owe more than I can say. 
It was the kind of accident for which/that nobody was really to blame. 
Exercise 2. Combine the following sentences, using preposition + whom or which. 
Examples: 
She is the woman. I told you about her. 
- She is the woman about whom I told you. 
The song was interesting. We listened to it last night. 
- The song to which we listened last night was interesting. 
The man was very kind. I talked to him yesterday. 
The man works in the hospital. I told you about him. 
The woman teaches me English. I am telling you about her. 
The movie is fantastic. They are talking about it. 
The picture was beautiful. She was looking at it. 
I'll give you the address. You should write to it. 
Exercise 3. Complete the following sentences, using who, whom, which or that. 
It was a kind of computer with _________ I was not familiar. 
Do you get on with the person ________ lives next-door? 
I must thank the man from __________ I got the present. 
The meeting to _________ I went was interesting. 
The person ___________ did it was never caught. 
That's the girl to _________ Jim used to be married. 
MORE EXERCISES
I. Complete the sentence with the correct form of the verb in the box. 
endanger , scatter, coexist, pollute, capture, devastate, discharge, prohibit, survive, protect 
Many birds didn't ____________ the severe winter. 
Animals shouldn't be ____________ for recreation and entertainment. 
The health of our children are being ____________ by exhaust fumes. 
The factory was fined for ____________ chemicals into the river. 
The explosion ____________ a flock of birds roosting in the trees. 
Laws have been introduced to ____________ killing endangered animals. 
The air in the city is heavily ____________ with traffic fumes. 
The government should do more to ____________ the environment. 
It is possible for local wildlife to ____________ with industry. 
Western India was ____________ by a huge earthquake. 
II. Combine the following pairs or groups of sentences by means of relative pronouns, making any changes necessary. 
Her many friends gave her encouragement. I like to be considered among them. 
Her many friends .. 
Her father died last year. She looked after him for over twenty years. 
Her father . 
The bed has no mattress. I sleep on this bed. 
The bed . 
There wasn't any directory in the telephone box. I was phoning from this box. 
There wasn't . 
I was sitting on a chair. It suddenly collapsed. 
The chair . 
Mr. Smith said he was too busy to speak to me. I had come specially to see him. 
Mr. Smith . 
I saw several houses. Most of them were quite unsuitable. 
I . 
Graham took us to his office. It was filled with books. 
The office . 
Mr. Marks is unhappy about the plans for the new dam. The stream flows across his farm. 
Mr. Marks . 
They picked up five boat-loads of refugees. Some of them had been at sea for several months. 
They . 
Tom came to the party in patched jeans. This surprised the other guests. Most of the other guests were wearing evening dress. 
Tom . 
The people didn't know French. He was speaking to these people. 
The people . 
Mr. Jones was very generous about overtime payments. I was working for him. 
Mr. Jones . 
The Roman coins are now on display in the National Museum. A local farmer came across them in a field. 
The Roman coins . 
Professor Johnson is to visit the University next week. I have long looked up to him 
Professor Johnson 
III. Complete each of the sentences with an appropriate preposition. 
A number of rare animals are now in danger _____ extinction. 
If people's interference _____ the environment decreases, more species will survive and produce off-spring. 
The government should do more to protect rare animals _____ being extinct. 
She believes there is life _____ other planets. 
The EU has imposed a ban _____ the import of seal skins. 
People are destroying the air by adding pollutants _____ it. 
Human beings are responsible _____ the changes in the environment. 
They are changing weather conditions by cutting _____ trees in the forests. 
National parks should be set _____ to save animals and plants. 
Raw sewage was discharged _____ the treatment plant directly _____ the river. 
TEST 10
A. PHONOLOGY 
Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from those of the rest. 
A. clerk	B. service	C. press	D. herd
A. postal	B. mouse	C. disk	D. controls
A. curtain	B. judgment	C. junction	D. construct
Choose the word which has a different stress pattern. 
A. malformation 	B. commemorate 	C. environment 	D. community
A. fireplace 	B. chimney 	C. approach 	D. dragon
a. endanger 	b. disappear 	c. prohibit 	d. destruction 
a. extinct 	b. human 	c. species 	d. planet 
a. respect 	b. effort 	c. exist 	d. supply 
a. condition 	b. pollutant 	c. however 	d. influence 
a. action 	b. habit 	c. danger 	d. survive 
B. READING COMPREHENSION 
I. Read the text and do the task that follows. 
YOSEMITE NATIONAL PARK
Yosemite National Park became America's first state park in 1864. Compared to other protected areas, Yosemite Valley is quite small, about seven miles long and a mile wide, small enough anyway for John Muir, the conservationist and founder of Sierra Club, to explore the entir ... ____severe damage to the remaining forests. 
A. which	B. where	C. that	D. which place
A. thanks for	B. due	C. because of	D. because
A. has been	B. have been	C. was	D. were
A. awares	B. awareness	C. aware	D. taking aware of
A. however	B. whatever	C. wherever	D. whenever
A. look up	B. look for	C. set up	D. set for
A. in	B. on	C. with	D. at
A. width	B. wildness	C. wild	D. wide
A. as	B. like	C. near	D. with
A. cure	B. cause	C. cut	D. cancel
C. USE OF ENGLISH 
Vocabulary 
Choose the best answers. 
 I'm 	to hear that you have failed the final exam. 
	A. responsible 	B. sorry 	C. thankful 	D. anxious 
 In spite of her disappointment, she 	a weak smile. 
	A. got 	B. obtained 	C. achieved 	D. managed 
 In my _____, we should improve the quality of our products instead of 
increasing the quantity. 
	A. belief 	B. meaning 	C. opinion 	D. expression 
 To 	their abilities, the managers decided to give them more tasks. 
	A. inspect 	B. test 	C. check 	D. study 
 She saw the man _____ something in the woman's ear. 
	A. whispering 	B. whistling 	C. shouting 	D. saying 
Many organizations have been set up and funds have been raised. 
	a. established 	b. collapsed 	c. delayed 	d. decreased 
The number of rare animals is decreasing rapidly.
	a. dangerously 	b. quickly 	c. mostly 	d. gradually 
A species of animal or plant that is _______ no longer has any living members, either in the world or in a particular place. 
	a. extinct 	b. rare 	c. survival 	d. productive 
Those who concern are very worried about the _____ of many species. 
	a. disappearance 	b. establishment 	c. supply 	d. provision 
Because of people's ______ with the environment, many kinds of plants and animals are becoming rare. 
	a. supply 	b. survival 	c. influence 	d. interference 
Tropical forests have supplied us with many sorts of plants for food, medicine, and industry. 
	a. affected 	b. influenced 	c. changed 	d. provided 
England was one of the first countries to _________ 
	a. industry 	b. industrial 	c. industrialize 	d. industrialization 
Their _______ is rejected due to some problems of pollution. 
	a. suggest 	b. suggestion 	c. suggestive 	d. suggestible 
We all regard pollution as a _______ matter to human beings. 
	a. serious 	b. seriously 	c. seriousness 	d. seriousful 
Laws have been introduced to prohibit the killing of endangered animals. 
	a. advise 	b. decrease 	c. ban 	d. encourage 
 Hunting for meat and burning forests for soils _____ wildlife. 
	a. protect 	b. conserve 	c. destroy 	d. survive 
National Parks are established to create the environment for rare animals to survive and _____ offspring. 
	a. produce 	b. supply 	c. increase 	d. offer 
The World Wild Funds is working to protect and save the forests that are in _____. 
	a. danger 	b. interest 	c. encouragement 	d. consequence 
 Scientists think it unlikely that the species will actually become extinct as a ______of the oil spill. 
	a. respect 	b. consequence 	c. protection 	d. production 
 Human beings can’t exist without water and air. 
	a. result 	b. live 	c. kill 	d. change 
II. Prepositions and Phrasal verbs
Choose the best answers.
The experts decided to keep	doing the research.
	A. up	B. out	C. on	D. for	
The citizens have tried their best to keep the river 	being polluted.
	A. out of	B. off	C. from	D. for
It's amazing that they put _______ their wedding until November.
	A. to	B. off	C. down	D. back
It is reported that many people have died	______ heart attack.
	A. in	B. with	C. on	D. of
Next year his family will leave China _______ Australia.
	A. for	B. to	C. towards	D. from
Human beings are adding more and more pollutants ________ the environment. 
	a. from 	b. for 	c. on 	d. to 
You should make sure __________ what you have just told us. 
	a. in 	b. on 	c. over 	d. of 
Forest destruction results _________ floods and air pollution. 
	a. from 	b. about 	c. in 	d. into 
Human beings are changing the environment 	all respects. 
	a. at 	b. for 	c. in 	d. upon 
 Air pollution interferes ______ our body's ability to process oxygen. 
	a. with 	b. on 	c. to 	d. over 
 We should do something immediately to save many kinds of rare animals ______ extinction. 
	a. away 	b. from 	c. in 	d. with 
III. Structures 
Choose the best answers. 
Thursday is the day 	my parents come. 
	A. when 	B. whom 	C. which 	D. who 
She seems 	very hard since being promoted. 
	A. working 	B. to work 	C. to have worked 	D. having worked 
 	 being very tired, I completed all of my assignments. 
	A. Despite 	B. Although 	C. Though 	D. In spite 
His face looks very pale. I suppose that he 	ill. 
	A. can be 	B. should be 	C. must be 	D. has to be 
I haven't seen him for 	that I've forgotten what he looks like. 
	A. so long 	B. such long 	C. as long time 	D. a long time 
When she 	 home, she found that someone 	 into her house and stolen all of her jewelries. 
	A. has got; broke 	B. got; had broken	C. had got; had broken 	 D. got; broke 
He is going to get his eyes 	 
	A. to be tested 	B. being tested	C. testing 	D. tested 
My uncle, 	health hasn't been good recently, has gone into hospital for some tests. 
	A. that 	B. of whom 	C. whose 	D. who 
If I 	you, I 	her the truth. 
	A. am; will tell 	B. were; would tell	
	C. had been; would have told 	D. was; would tell 
 Not once 	______ us to their house. 
	A. have Jim and Anna invited 	B. Jim and Anna have invited
	C. did Jim and Anna invite 	D. Jim and Anna invited 
 It is automobile industry _____ contributes the most greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. 
	a. where 	b. in which 	c. that 	d. whom 
_____ many species of animals have become extinct. 
a. There are many reasons for which 	b. Many reasons for which 
 c. The reasons for that 	d. For which reasons 
 We should do something to save those animals ____ hunted for their fur or for other valuable parts of their bodies 
	a. those are 	b. which are 	c. which is 	d. that is 
 Farmers use more and more _____ them to grow better crops but harm the environment. 
	a. powerful chemicals who help 	b. which powerful chemicals help 
c. powerful chemicals which help 	d. powerful chemicals help 
 Water is one of the most precious resources ______ for our life. 
	a. we depend on which 	b. which we depend 	
	c. on which we depend 	d. on that we depend 
___ are very dense, warm, and wet, are havens for millions of plants and animals. 
	a. Rain forests 	b. Rain forests, that 	c. Rain forest, where 	d. Rain forests, which 
 The farmers and their cattle ______ had been trapped in the storm were fortunately rescued. 
	a. who 	b. whom 	c. which 	d. that 
 Nowadays, city dwellers, ______ enjoy a lot from the modern material life, have to suffer from pollution the most. 
	a. who 	b. whom 	c. that 	d. which
 Do you know that environmentalist ______	? 
	a. with whom I used to work 	b. with that I used to work 
	c. with I used to work 	d. with who I used to work 
 Rain forests influence the Greenhouse effect, ______ traps heat inside the Earth's atmosphere. 
	a. that 	b. which 	c. where 	d. whose 
 The local authority banned us from going near the forest ______ 	there is a serious fire. 
	a. for which 	b. in that 	c. that 	d. where 
_____ once roamed the jungles in vast numbers, were estimated to become extinct by the year 2025. 
	a. Bengal tigers 	b. Bengal tigers, which 	c. Bengal tigers, that 	d. Bengal tigers which
I personally think that it is easy to understand ________ time is relative. 
	a. the reason 	b. the reason for that 	c. for which reason 	d. the reason why 
_____ concerns about wildlife never keeps a wild animal as pest. 
	a. Anyone that 	b. Anyone which 	c. Anyone for whom 	d. Anyone those 
 Did you listen to the lecture on the environment by Dr. Pike, ______.
a. whom I have ever told you about 	b. about that I have ever told you 
	c. I have ever told you 	d. that I have ever told you 
_______ want to use rain forests are cutting them down without any hesitation. 
	a. People who 	b. People which 	c. People whom 	d. Who 
 The man showed us the cage _____ he kept a fierce lion. 
	a. which 	b. that 	c. in which 	d. in that 
 Those villagers ____ near the forest chop down hardwoods to sell for high prices. 
	a. live 	b. who live 	c. whom live 	d. for whom to live 
 We have just had an exploration through that forest _______. 
which some pandas survive 	b. where there are some pandas surviving 
c. in which there are some pandas survive 	d. that some pandas survive 
 By cutting down the trees, people destroy the ecosystem of the rain forest ____ .
	a. on which they depend 	b. where they depend on 	
	c. which they depend 	d. where they depend 
______ comes from thousands of factories has caused enormous increases in air pollution levels. 
	a. Smoke 	b. Smoke for which 	c. Smoke that 	d. Smoke whose 
 The areas ____ are destroyed suffer a lot from soil erosion. 
	a. which trees 	b. whose trees 	c. that trees 	d. trees which 
 I will never forget the time 	I first visit Cat Tien National Park. 
	 a. when 	b. why 	c. where 	d. on that 
Those scientists are doing research on the period ____ the Earth formed. 
	a. where 	b. on that 	c. when 	d. why 
D. WORD FORM 
They 	their engagement to their family. (announcement)
David Copperfield is a great 	. (magic) 
It is 	that you should think he'll come in time. (nature) 
You can't pass an examination without 	 (prepare) 
He's a regular _______ at evening classes. (attend) 
Garbage is considered to be some kind of _____ (pollute) 
 Because of forest _______ some rare animals cannot survive. (destroy) 
 The people in our village are leading a ______ life. (peace) 
E. SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION 
He is rich, but he never helps the poor. 
Rich as 
The judges were strongly impressed by her answers. 
Her answers made ..
You should have made allowance for her thoughtlessness. (Use “tolerate”)
If only .. 
I am fed up with your cat's messing around. 
I am bored ... 
Kathy's success took us all by surprise. 
Kathy was  
F. Identify one underlined word or phrase that is incorrect:
1.There’s nothing like to walk as a means of keeping fit .
 A B C D
2. Your doctor advised to go to bed early, so I can’t understand your wanting to stay up late. A B C D
3. We considered giving her with a dress for her birthday, but couldn’t help buying her some flowers. A B C D
4. There’s nothing to be done about it now except say the police the truth.
 A B C D
5. I remember hearing him say the grass needed to cut.
 A B C D 
6. Would you like keeping quiet for a moment ? I’m trying to fill in a form.
 A B C D
7. They don’t allow smoking in the auditorium; they don’t want to risk setting it with fire.
 A B C D
8. Would you mind me to turn down the radio a bit ?
 A B C D
9. We couldn’t help laughing when he was making fun of ourselves .
 A B C D
10. One of books I lent you is very interesting.
 A B C D

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