Bài tập rèn thi chứng chỉ A môn Tiếng Anh

Bài tập rèn thi chứng chỉ A môn Tiếng Anh

Grammar Exercises

Unit 1: Present Tenses

A: Put in the present continuous form of the verb in brackets.

1. Please be quiet. I _______________ (try) to read my book.

2. I _______________ (not/use) the computer at the moment so you can use it.

3. Mary is ill so Sue _______________ (teach) her 1essons today.

4. Excuse me, I _______________ (look) for a hotel. Is there one near here?

5. _______________ (you/wait) for someone?

6. Jack, you are very careless. You _______________ (always/forget) to do your

 homework!

7. The cost of living _______________ (rise) very fast. Every year things are more

 expensive.

8. What _______________ (you/do)? I _______________ (clean) my shoes.

9. Why _______________ (not/wear) shorts? It's so hot today.

10. The neighbours are so noisy! They _______________ (always/argue) 1oudly.

B: Put the verb into the correct form, present continuous or present simple.

1. I _______________ (not/belong) to this particu1ar government committee.

2. Hurry! The bus _______________ (come). I _______________ (not/want) to miss it.

3. Gregory is a vegetarian. He _______________ (not/eat) meat.

4. I _______________ (1ook) for the manager. I can't find him anywhere.

5. We are successful because we _______________ (take) the time to ta1k to our customers.

6. John _______________ (deal) with all the enquiries about sales.

7. At the moment we _______________ (make) a training video for Siemens.

8. _______________ (you/know) what Mr Briceson _______________ (do)? He is not in

 his office.

9. I _______________ (apply) for a job in the sales department, but I don't know if I will be

 successful.

 It _______________ (depend) on whether or not they have any vacancies.

10. Unemployment _______________ (fa1l) and is now down to 5.6%.

11. Jane is doing some research in the library. She needs it for a book she

 _______________ (write).

 

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Grammar Exercises
Unit 1: Present Tenses 
A: Put in the present continuous form of the verb in brackets. 
1. Please be quiet. I _______________ (try) to read my book. 
2. I _______________ (not/use) the computer at the moment so you can use it. 
3. Mary is ill so Sue _______________ (teach) her 1essons today. 
4. Excuse me, I _______________ (look) for a hotel. Is there one near here? 
5. _______________ (you/wait) for someone? 
6. Jack, you are very careless. You _______________ (always/forget) to do your 
 homework! 
7. The cost of living _______________ (rise) very fast. Every year things are more 
 expensive. 
8. What _______________ (you/do)? I _______________ (clean) my shoes. 
9. Why _______________ (not/wear) shorts? It's so hot today. 
10. The neighbours are so noisy! They _______________ (always/argue) 1oudly. 
B: Put the verb into the correct form, present continuous or present simple. 
1. I _______________ (not/belong) to this particu1ar government committee. 
2. Hurry! The bus _______________ (come). I _______________ (not/want) to miss it. 
3. Gregory is a vegetarian. He _______________ (not/eat) meat. 
4. I _______________ (1ook) for the manager. I can't find him anywhere. 
5. We are successful because we _______________ (take) the time to ta1k to our customers. 
6. John _______________ (deal) with all the enquiries about sales. 
7. At the moment we _______________ (make) a training video for Siemens. 
8. _______________ (you/know) what Mr Briceson _______________ (do)? He is not in 
 his office. 
9. I _______________ (apply) for a job in the sales department, but I don't know if I will be 
 successful. 
 It _______________ (depend) on whether or not they have any vacancies. 
10. Unemployment _______________ (fa1l) and is now down to 5.6%. 
11. Jane is doing some research in the library. She needs it for a book she 
 _______________ (write). 
12. While Anna is away on holidays, Matt _______________ (work) in her office. 
13. He _______________ (teach) French and German at University and _______________ 
 (learn) Greek. 
14. There _______________ (be)two flights to Honduras this afternoon. The British Airways 
 flight _______________ (1eave) at 13:00 and _______________ (arrive) at 22:00. 
15. Inflation _______________ (rise) at a rate of 2% per annum. 
C: Put the verb in brackets into the present simple or the present continuous. 
1. She a1ways _______________ (remember) my birthday. 
2. Mr Brown _______________ (work) in a supermarket. 
3. I _______________ (work) in this factory until I find a better job. 
4. Look! It _______________ (snow). 
5. Can you hear those girls? What _______________ (they/ta1k) about? 
6. _______________ (you/know) Helen? 
7. We _______________ (never/go) to work by tube. It is too busy. 
8. When I'm in Paris I _______________ (usually/stay) in the Hotel du Pont, but this 
 time I _______________ (stay) in the more expensive Hotel Notre Dame. 
9. Ruth _______________ (be) a vegetarian. She _______________ (not/eat) meat or fish. 
10. My father __________(be) an engineer, but he ______(not/work) right now. 
11. _______________ (you/believe) in ghosts? 
12. My parents _______________ (live) in Sydney. Where _______________ (your parents/1ive)? 
13. We _______________ (own) two cars, an estate car and a sports car. 
14. Can you drive? No, but I _______________ (learn) at the moment. 
15. Look! That woman _______________ (try) to steal that man's wallet. 
16. The River Nile _______________ (f1ow) into the Mediterranean. 
17. _______________ (you/like) Bon Jovi? 
18. I _______________ (get) thirsty. Let's get something to drink. 
19. Those f1owers _______________ (smell) lovely. What are they? 
20. Jane __________ (repair) her bike. She _______________ (know) exactly what to do. 
Unit 2 : Past Simple and Past Continuous 
A: Put one of these verbs in each sentence. Use the past simple: 
 eat bring write buy see meet 
1. The party was fantastic. Every guest _______________ something to eat and a bottle of 
 wine. 
2. I had an extravagant weekend. I _______________ some clothes and a plant. 
3. Three weeks ago Tracy _______________ her ex-husband in Mallorca. What a 
 coincidence! 
4. When I lived in Italy, we always _______________ lamb at Easter. 
5. Shakespeare _______________ a lot of plays. 
B: A friend has just returned from his holiday. Ask him questions about it using the past simple. 
 Example: where/go? Where did you go? 
sun/shine Did the sun shine? 
1. how /get there? 
2. who/go with? 
3. where/stay? 
4. the weather /good? 
5. what/you think of the food? 
6. what/do during the day? 
7. go out in the evenings? 
8. buy any souvenirs? 
9. make any new friends? 
10. how long/the journey home/take? 
C: Put the verb in the past simple. 
1. Tom _______________ (not/come) to the office yesterday because he _______________ 
 (be) ill. 
2. She _______________ (not/read) the book because she _______________ (not/be) 
 very interested in that author. 
3. The students _______________ (not/finish) their group project because they 
 _______________ (run out) of time. 
4. We _______________ (not/eat) anything for breakfast because we 
 _______________ (be) in a hurry. 
5. Mary _______________ (not/catch) the train to Mexico City because she 
 _______________ (arrive) at the station too late. 
D: Put the verb in the correct form: past simple or past continuous. 
1. I _______________ (dream) when the alarm clock _______________ (go off). 
2. They _______________ (wait) for me when I _______________ (arrive). 
3. The phone _______________ (ring) while I _______________ (have) a shower. 
4. We _______________ (not/go out) last Sunday because it _______________ (rain). 
5. I _______________ (see) Kim at the party. She _______________ (wear) a new dress. 
6. I _______________ (break) a bowl this morning. When I _______________ (wash) the 
 dishes it just _______________ (slip) out of my hand onto the floor! 
7. When he _______________ (carry) the table, he _______________ (feel) a sharp pain in 
 his back. 
8. Sarah _______________ (go) down the stairs when the lights _______________ (go 
 out). 
9. We _______________ (watch) TV when someone _______________ (come) to the door 
 and _______________ (knock) very loudly. 
10. What _______________ (you/do) at this time yesterday? Oh, I _______________ 
 (prepare) the dinner. 
11. I _______________ (fall) asleep while I _______________ (watch) television. 
12. At 12:45 yesterday, Mr Alright _______________ (see) a client in his office. 
Unit 3 : Past Perfect 
A: Here is the latest news about your friends and family. Complete the sentences using 
 the present perfect simple. 
Example: I/buy/a new car I have bought a new car 
1. Mary/move house 
2. Fred and Frank/start/a company 
3. My parents/go to Greece 
4. Sue/get married 
5. Granny/celebrate her 80th birthday 
B: Read the situations and write sentences in the present perfect simple. Choose one of 
 the following: 
learn buy find break clean grow 
1. James can't go to school because his arm is in plaster. He has broken his arm. 
2. Fred was nervous about travelling to France. He isn't any more because he knows he can 
 communicate. He has .. 
3. Jane didn't have a dress to wear to the wedding. Now she does . 
4. Our flat was very dusty. It isn't any more. .. 
5. Mr Flint was unhappy because he had lost his cat. Now he is happy. . 
6. Harry didn't have a beard last month. Now he has a beard.. 
C: You are interviewing a famous person. Ask questions about things he/she has done in 
 his/her life. Make the questions from the words given. 
1. ever/win/an award Have you ever won an award? 
2. ever/travel/to Hollywood  
3. ever/meet/Bill Clinton  
4. ever/write/a novel  
5. ever/run/a marathon  
6. ever/give/money to charity  
D: Complete the sentences using the present perfect simple and today/this week/this 
 year etc. 
1. I watched TV yesterday but I haven 't watched TV today. 
2. It rained last week but  
3. Last week I spent a lot of money but . 
4. I saw James yesterday but .. 
5. I received a lot of post last month but  
6. It was warm last spring but  
E: Write a sentence using the present perfect continuous. Use the words in brackets. 
1. John is sunburnt. He has been sitting in the sun. (sit/in the sun) 
2. The ground is wet. (rain) 
3. Jack has no money left. (shop) 
4. Fred is covered in paint. (paint/the kitchen) 
5. Maisy is tired and irritable (drive/for 4 hours) 
6. Harry is very hot and dirty (dig/the garden) 
F: Complete the sentences using the present perfect continuous and add since or for. 
1. Maria _______________ (learn) English __________ two years. 
2. I _______________ (write) letters ___________ 8:00. 
3. Robert and Jane _______________ (travel) around Europe __________ five weeks. 
4. We _______________ (go) to Ireland for our holidays __________ 1968. 
5. It _______________ (rain) __________ this morning. 
6. Anne _______________ (look) for a new job __________ a long time. 
7. Mark _______________ (sell) computers __________ he started his job with Olivetti. 
8. We _______________ (wait) for the bus __________ twenty-five minutes. 
9. She _______________ (play) piano __________ she was eight. 
10. They _______________ (watch) TV __________ hours. 
G: Complete the sentences using present perfect simple or continuous. 
1. (build) The Browns _______________ a house for some time. 
 They _______________ all the main walls now. 
2. (write) John _______________ his novel since last year. 
 He _______________ the first three chapters. 
3. (paint) The painters _______________ the town hall since February. 
 They _______________ nearly half of it now. 
4. (save) The Cooks _______________ to go on holiday next summer. 
 They _______________ € 2000 up to now. 
5. (watch) I _______________ cartoons on TV. 
 I _______________ 4 cartoons already. 
H: Put the verb in the most suitable form, present perfect simple or continuous. 
1. You look tired. _______________ (you/study) hard? 
2. Mr Brown is new here, isn't he? How 1ong _______________ (he/work) for the 
 company? 
3. I _______________ (lose) my wallet. Have you seen it anywhere? 
4. I _______________ (read) the magazine you lent me, but I _______________ 
 (not/finish) yet. 
5. _______________ (you/hear) the bad news? Simon _______________ (break) his leg! 
6. How many articles _______________ (you/write)? 
7. What _______________ (you/do)? I _______________ (wait) for you for an hour! 
8. Bob and his friends _______________ (play) golf since this morning. 
9. I _______________ (know) Louise for ten years. 
10. Mr Brown _______________ (mark) the exams all morning, but he _______________ 
 (not/read) them all. 
I: Put in the correct verb form: present perfect or past simple. 
1. How long _______________ (she/study) Ge ... rstand explained 
6. would / might be lost 
 C l. hadn’t missed wouldn't / mightn’t have met 
2. wouldn't / mightn’t have failed had worked 
3. had driven wouldn’t / mightn't have had 
4. would / could / might have won had been 
5. would / might you have done had seen 
6. had bought would / could / might have won 
D 1. d 2. f 3. g 4. b 5. j 6. i 
 7. h 8. e 9. a 10. c 
 E 3. I wish I were rich / I wish I wasn’t poor. 
4. I wish I had a car. 
5. I wish I had a dog. 
6. I wish I could speak a foreign language. 
7. I wish he / she had arrived. 
8. I wish I hadn't eaten so much. 
9. I wish I hadn't lost my purse. 
10. I wish I hadn’t missed the last bus home / I wish I had caught the last bus. 
11. I wish I had worked harder / I wish I hadn't failed my exam. 
12. I wish I hadn’t watched that film. 
Unit 7: Question Forms 
 A 2. Did you pass your exam last semester? 
3. What are your parents doing at the moment? 
4. Where shall we go / are we going tonight? 
5. Have you ever visited the Louvre in Paris? 
6. Who did you talk to at the party last week? 
7. How far is the city centre from here? 
8. Is Mary driving / going to drive to the wedding tomorrow? 
9. Whose dog is it? 
10. Why didn't she come yesterday? 
11. Do you think it'll rain this evening? 
 B 2. Where do you live? 
3. What do you do? / What is your job? 
4. Have you got / Do you have any children? 
5. Have you ever been to Morocco? 
6. Where are you going on holiday this year? / this surnmer? 
7. What time is it? 
8. How long has he been working here? 
9. Where was she born? 
10. How tall are you? 
11. How heavy is the baby? / What does the baby weigh? 
 C 2. isn't he? D 2. He asked me how old I was. 
3. haven't you? 4. He asked me what languages I could speak. 
4. isn't he? 5. ...what my hobbies were. 
5. do you? 6. ...why I wanted that job. 
6. were you? 7. ...if I had done secretarial work before. 
7. will you? 8. ...which university I had studied at. 
8. would he? 9. ...how long I had been working in my 
9. can she? present job. 
10. had he? 10. ...if I had ever worked abroad. 
11. aren't I? 11. ...if I enjoyed travelling. 
12. ...when I could start. 
 Unit 8 : Infinitive/Gerund 
 A 1. to see D 1. going 
2. to blow up 2. closing 
3. to see 3. to talk 
4. to work 4. to change 
5. to leave 5. to have lost 
6. singing 6. to win 
7. to discover 7. to smoke 
8. asking 8. read 
9. to be 9. to stay 
10. waiting 10. watching 
11. sitting 
12. to drink E l. Tom suggested buying a new 
13. interrupting laptop computer. 
14. to buy 2. Why do you dislike watching TV 
15. to waste with me? 
16. entering 3. Try some of this wine. Maybe you 
17. spending will like it. 
18. to accept 4. I am looking forward to seeing you 
19. to repair soon. 
20. writing 5. He apologised to me for the delay. 
6. Did you have any trouble getting 
B 1. to abandon a green card for the states? 
2. swimming 7. It is a waste of time going to the 
3. breaking Psychology lecture. 
4. to postpone 8. I can't afford to go on holiday. 
5. mountainbiking 9. Foreigners are not used to driving 
6. to be on the left. 
7. to try 10. I'm going to Spain to learn 
8. losing Spanish. 
9. to raise 
10. saying 
11. to find 
 C 1. crying F 1. to find 
2. worrying 2. driving 
3. registering 3. to clean 
4. to announce 4. watching 
5. to bring 5. falling 
6. die 6. trying 
7. to be 7. spending 
8. to bring 8. say 
9. to do 9. explaining 
10. changing 10. winning 
 Unit 9: Relative Clauses 
 A l. who/that 
2. who/that 
 3. where 
4. whom/who/nothing 
5. whose 
6. who D 1. A plane carrying 345 passengers 
7. which/that/nothing crashed into the ocean yesterday. 
8. which/that 2. The paintings stolen from a 
9. which mansion in London have now been 
10. who recovered. 
 3. At the end of the street is a path 
B 1. Look at the teacher who is talking which leads to the 
to his pupil. lake. 
2. Ireland exports computer components 4. I live in a very nice flat 
 which/that are mostly made in Dublin. which overlooks 
3. John, who wished he hadn't come to some beautiful gardens. 
 the party, looked anxiously at his watch.5. Somebody called Jack phoned 
4. There were a lot of people here earlier while you were out. 
 who/that wanted to talk to you. 
5. There was an actor there whose work 
 took him all over the world. 
6. I was talking to a woman whose 
 husband was killed during the war. 
7. A man, who was carrying a cat in 
 a box, got on the bus. 
8. Somebody, whose name I can't 
 remember, called while you were out. 
9. I work mainly in the Marketing Department, 
 which is the smallest in the company. 
10. My boss, whose work takes him all 
 over the world, decided to employ me as his assistant 
C 1. The man who/that lives next door is very friendly. 
2. Everything that/nothing he said was correct. 
3. The person whom/who/that/nothing I wanted to see 
 was not available until Monday. 
4. Yesterday I met Mario, who told me he was 
 getting married. 
5. Mr Smith is going to go to Moscow, where his 
 daughter has been living for some time now. 
6. Mr Carlisle, to whom I spoke /who I spoke to last night, 
 is very interested in our new product. 
7. She couldn't come to the conference, which 
 was a pity. 
8. Suzanna has many friends, most of whom she went to school with. 
9. She tried on several jackets, none of which fit her. 
10. Melanie, who has just bought a house near Gatwick 
 Unit 10: Modal Verbs 
A 1. could 
2. haven't been able to 
3. could 
4. could have been 
 5. could have phoned 
6. was able to 
7. could be 
8. couldn't 
9. could have been 
10. can 
 B 1. have to 6. don't have to/needn't 
2. must/have to 7. has had to 
3. must/have to 8. must/has to 
4. mustn't 9. had to 
5. needn't/don't have to 10. must 
 C 1. must be 6. can't have enjoyed 
2. can 't be 7. may be delivering 
3. must be 8. can 't have been concentrating 
4. must have been 9. may be having 
5. can't be 10. might 
 D 1. It must have been my uncle. 
2. She can't be more than fifteen. 
3. ...we were able to persuade them to come. 
4. Would you like a cup ... 
5. Mary doesn't have to work 
6. You must be Anthony's brother. 
7. ...said he had just left for a two day trip to Malibu. 
8. We needn't have booked 
9. I wasn't able to/couldn’t go to work ... 
10. You needn't have cooked all that food. 
 Unit 11: Countable and Uncountable/ Some/Any 
 A 1. church 
2. the Far East 
3. Computer games 
4. spaghetti 
5. Europe; the Middle East 
6. school 
7. the police 
8. space 
9. the sea 
10. the guitar 
 B 1. a lot of 6. much 
2. little 7. many/a few 
3. a few/a lot of/plenty of 8. few 
4. many 9. a few 
5. plenty of/a lot of 10. a lot of/little 
C 1. We don'thave many boxes to carry. 
2. I'm afraid I have (some) bad news. 
 3. Four people were injured in the car crash. 
4. We had a very good trip across Europe. 
5. I love to eat bananas when I am really hungry. 
6. Jane's parents are very nice people. 
7. Thank you very much. That was a very nice dinner. 
8. The French are famous for their culinary talents. 
9. He was told to go to bed and stay there until he was better. 
10. I have visited the United States on many occasions and I really enjoyed it. 
11. Half of the money I gave my sister so that she could buy a dress. 
12. Most tourists come to this part of Germany for the outdoor activities. 
13. Both of us were extremely tired after our walking holiday in Greece. 
14. I didn't see anything 
15. We spent a lot of money on things we will never need. 
16. Mr Elliot knows everyone on his street. 
 Unit 12: Comparisons Unit 13: The Passive Voice 
A 1. cheaper than A 1. is said 
2. more tired 2. is being sold 
3. longer; than 3. is reported 
4. more slowly 4. have heard 
5. more friendly 5. was built 
6. farther/further 6. has had 
7. better 7. to have stayed 
8. elder/older 8. has been living/has living 
9. more important 9. was being restored 
10. older than 10. have read 
11. have been looking 
B 1. the biggest 12. haven't found 
2. The sooner 
3. cheaper B 1. was written 
4. not as warm as 2. are needed 
5. (any) faster 3. wouldn't have been sacked 
6. serious 4. was suspected 
7. the same as 5. was held 
8. the most delicious 6. was being restored 
9. the happier 7. is never answered 
10. most beautifully 8. are being kept/are kept 
9. were damaged 
10. was shot 
 C 1. What is the biggest city in the 
 World? 
2. Don't go by train. It's a lot more C 1. The room is cleaned every day. 
 expensive. 2. Gregory is liked by everyone. 
3. The final examination was easier 3. All his money was stolen and he 
 than we expected. couldn't fly home to London. 
4. Her injuries were more 4. Everything possible is being done 
 serious than we first thought. to solve the problem in other 
5. My sister is older than me. countries. 
 6. Marjorie earns the same 5. Brian is having the roof repaired 
 amount of money as me. finally. 
7. That building there is the 6. The hunted killer is believed to be 
 oldest in this town. living in Boston. 
8. Of all the people working in this 7. Mr Gregory doesn't like to be kept 
 company, Adam has the least waiting. 
 experience. 8. Gold was discovered in California 
9. He is so noisy. It is a lot quieter some years ago. 
 /more quiet when he is not around. 9. The picture was painted by 
10. The more people that lend a hand, Anabella last year. 
 the less we will have to do later. 10. The car needs to be repaired/repairing 
Unit 14: Reported Speech 
A 1. went 
2. weren't going out with 
3. had 
4. didn't 
5. would 
6. ...when she had left school. 
7. ...her to stay in bed. 
8. ...not to be naughty 
9. ...she would come that afternoon. 
10. ...if she could drive. 
B 1. He asked Jane when she had left school. 
2. Someone was wondering if Alex had arrived yet. 
3. The boss said/told them they could leave early. 
4. The doorman asked to see my membership card. 
5. An official asked what we were doing. 
6. Tom said/told me that he did not like tennis. 
7. Mary told me that she wasn't available for anybody that morning. 
8. My father told me to stay where I was. 
9. Jason said he was feeling ill. 
10. Roger spoke about his most recent trip to Mexico. 
 Unit 15: Phrasal Verbs Unit 16: Prepositions 
 1. (b) call off 1. on 
2. (c) put off 2. after 
3. (a) came into 3. at 
4. (a) look it up 4. in 
5. (b) taken in 5. from 
6. (c) made it up 6. from 
7. (d) get over 7. past 
8. (c) put me up 8. at; through 
9. (b) put by 9. off 
10. (b) ran into 10. in 
11. (c) look after 11. on 
12. (a) make for 12. by 
 13. (a) going out with 13. over 
14. (b) look into 14. between 
15. (b) takes after 15. at 
16. (d) stand by 16. on 
17. (c) broken down 17. on 
18. (a) get on 18. in 
19. (c) make out 19. in 
20. (d) gave in 20. on 
21. (b) take out 

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