Bài soạn Tiếng Anh 11 - Unit 4: Volunteer work

Bài soạn Tiếng Anh 11 - Unit 4: Volunteer work

UNIT 4: VOLUNTEER WORK

A. Pronunciations

I. Choose the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others

1. a. which b. when c. who d. why

2. a. could b. should c. would d. ought

3. a. withdraw b. answer c. always d. awake

4. a. year b. unit

 c. university d. unused

II. Choose the word that has main stress placed differently from the others

1. a. volunteer b. orphanage

 c. university d. education

2. a. believe b. donate

 c. vacation d. promise

3. a. nation b. remote c. narrow d. picture

4. a. operate b. celebrate

 c. donation d. quality

 

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CF41a 	 CF 41
 Date: ngaøy thaùng
 Time: giôø phuùt ~ giôø phuùt
 Name: _____________________
UNIT 4: VOLUNTEER WORK
A. Pronunciations
I. Choose the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others
1. a. which 	b. when 	c. who 	d. why
2. a. could 	b. should 	c. would 	d. ought
3. a. withdraw	b. answer 	c. always 	d. awake
4. a. year 	b. unit 	
 c. university 	d. unused
II. Choose the word that has main stress placed differently from the others
1. a. volunteer 	b. orphanage	
 c. university 	d. education
2. a. believe 	b. donate 	
 c. vacation 	d. promise
3. a. nation b. remote c. narrow d. picture
4. a. operate 	b. celebrate 
 c. donation 	d. quality
CF41b
B. Gerund and present participle
	² Gerund (danh ñoäng töø) ñöôïc duøng trong 1 soá tröôøng hôïp sau:
1. Laøm taân ngöõ cho 1 ñoäng töø
S + deny (choái caõi) + Ving (gerund)
 admit (thöøa nhaän)
 suggest, mind.
_ She denied stealing my money.
2. Laøm taân ngöõ cho giôùi töø
Preposition + Ving (gerund)
_ I have no objection to listening to your story again.
 (prep)(gerund)
	 3. Laøm chuû ngöõ
_ Swimming is interesting.
 (gerund)
	² Present participle (hieän taïi phaân töø)
Ä Laø daïng ñoäng töø theâm “ing”. Ngoaïi tröø caùc tröôøng hôïp cuûa gerund, phaàn lôùn coøn laïi laø present participle.
_ I am reading books.
 (present participle)
_ I saw him passing my house.
 (present participle)
 CF42a 	 CF 42
* Complete each of the following sentences with an appropriate gerund of the verbs from the box
listen, watch, play, say, meet, drive 
_ She left without saying a word.
1. Would you mind ________ to my explanation?
2. I’m looking forward to ________ you again.
3. She likes ________ computer games.
4. He admitted ________ a car carelessly.
5. He has no objection to ________ films tonight.
* Complete each of the following sentences with an appropriate present participle of the verbs from the box
talk, lie, run, do, smoke
 _ I saw him talking to Mary.
1. He spends much time ________ his homework.
2. I found a tree ________ across the road.
3. She was ________ in the park.
4. ________ is harmful to your health.
CF42b
C. Perfect gerund and perfect participle
I. Perfect gerund (danh ñoäng töø hoaøn thaønh)
Having + V3 / ed
² Form: 
² Use: thay theá cho hình thöùc hieän taïi cuûa danh ñoäng töø khi chuùng ñeà caäp ñeán haønh ñoäng ñaõ hoaøn thaønh hoaëc ôû quaù khöù.
_ She denied having been there yesterday.
 (perfect gerund)
II. Perfect participle (phaân töø hoaøn thaønh)
Having + V3 / ed
² Form: 
² Use: phaân töø hoaøn thaønh thöôøng dieãn taû 1 haønh ñoäng ñaõ hoaøn taát hoaëc tröôùc haønh ñoäng khaùc.
_ Having failed twice, he didn’t want to try again.
(perfect participle)
(sau khi thaát baïi laàn 2, anh aáy khoâng muoán thöû laïi laàn nöõa)
 CF43a 	 CF 43
Put the verbs in brackets into the perfect gerund or perfect participle
_ I regretted (not take) not having taken your advice.
1. 	She denied (take) ________ my books.
2. 	He admitted (make) ________ a lot of mistakes 	in his essay.
3. 	________ (read) the instruction, he knew how 	to use the computer.
4. 	He was accused of (kill) ________ a baby 2 	years ago.
5. 	He regretted (tell) ________ me about the 	news yesterday.
6. 	I object to her (use) ________ my private 	room.
7. 	________ (complete) the test, he went home 	for a rest. 
8. 	I still fell tired in spite of (sleep) ________ 8 	hours.
9. 	________ (spend) two hours over dinner, they 	left the restaurant.
10. 	 ________ (close) the door, she rushed to the 	 car.
CF43b
v Review the simple past (oân thì quaù khöù ñôn)
_ Positive: S + V2 / ed + O
_ Negative: S + did not + V + O
_ Interrogative: Did + S + V + O?
Change the following sentences into the negative and interrogative
_ He studied hard.
® He didn’t study hard.
®Did he study hard?
1. She saw a strange man in the room yesterday.
2. He regretted spending all his money.
3. He considered applying for a job.
4. I caught him climbing through the kitchen window.
 CF44a 	 CF 44
Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form
_ He (take) took a lot of photographs last year.
1. 	She (live) _______ in Hanoi in 2008.
2. 	He (find) _______ the schoolbag yesterday.
3. 	She denied (beat) _______ the baby.
4. 	Would you mind (take) _______ me to the 	airport?
5. 	He asked me (buy) _______ a new car.
6. 	They made him (stop) _______ smoking.
7. 	We saw John (wash) _______ his car 	yesterday.
8. 	I have no objection to (go) _______ to the 	cinema tonight.
9. 	We need (use) _______ this room now.
10. 	They seem (work) _______ very lazily.
11. 	Many people (suffer) _______ from flu last 	week.
12. 	We (not / play) _______ football yesterday.
13. 	After he (spend) _______ his childhood in Hanoi, he (know) _______ the city well.
14. 	The fruit (be) _______ expensive last month.
CF44b
v Review the past progressive 
 (oân thì quaù khöù tieáp dieãn)
_ Positive: S + were + Ving + O
 was
_ Negative: S + were + not + Ving + O
 was
_ Interrogative: Were + S + Ving + O? 
 Was
Choose the correct answer
_ We (watched / were watching) TV at 7 o’clock yesterday.
1. We (studied / were studying) English last night.
2. When I (painted / was painting) a door, I saw John.
3. He (left / was leaving) his job to take care of his sick mother last month.
4. She enjoys (to eat / eating) sea food.
5. John (gave / was given) many presents in his birthday.
6. Because of (working / worked) hard, Mary had good marks.
 CF45a 	 CF 45
Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form
_ The child admitted (take) taking the money.
1. 	I saw him (pass) __________ my house.
2. 	You should be ashamed of yourself for 	(behave) __________ so badly.
3. 	They let him (write) __________ a letter to 	her.
4. 	I (read) __________ newspaper while she 	(cook) __________.
5. 	I (do) __________ my homework at 7 o’clock 	last night.
6. 	What __________ you (do) __________ when I 	phoned you yesterday?
7. 	__________ you (see) __________ the film last 	night?
8. 	She (not / prevent) __________ him from going 	abroad two years ago.
9. 	I (enjoy) __________ listening to music.
10.	I want (see) __________ the house where our 	president was born.
11. 	Remember (call) __________ me when you 	arrive in London.
CF45b
Choose the best answer
1. They denied _______ there.
a. be	b. to be	 
c. having been	 	d. to have been
2. The spy admitted _______ some highly secret information to enemy agents.
a. having given	b. having been given
c. to have given	d. to have been given
3. If she catches you _______ her diary, she’ll be furious.
a. to read	b. reading c. to reading d. being read
4. In spite of _______ late, we arrived in time.
a. start	b. to start	c. starting d. being started
5. I’m looking forward _______ you again.
a. to see	b. seeing	 c. see	d. to seeing
6. While he _______ lunch, he saw an accident.
a. eating	b. ate	c. was eating	d. eats
7. Did he _______ to work yesterday?
a. went	b. go	c. goes	d. going
8. Mai didn’t _______ a new computer last month.
a. to buy	b. buying	c. bought	d. buy
9. Would you mind _______ me with the washing-up.
a. helping	b. having helped
c. to help	d. to have helped
CF46a 	 CF 46
 Date: ngaøy thaùng
 Time: giôø phuùt ~ giôø phuùt
 Name: _____________________
UNIT 4: VOLUNTEER WORK
v Review the past perfect 
 (oân thì quaù khöù hoaøn thaønh)
S + had V3 / ed + O
²Form:
_ Positive:
S + had not + V3 / ed + O
_ Negative:
Had + S + V3 / ed + O?
_ Interrogative:
² Use:
* Dieãn taû haønh ñoäng tröôùc thôøi ñieåm trong quaù khöù
_ I had arrived home before 6 o’clock yesterday.
* Dieãn taû haønh ñoäng tröôùc haønh ñoäng khaùc trong quaù khöù (haønh ñoäng sau duøng quaù khöù ñôn).
_ My father had gone to bed before I arrived home.
After S + had V3, S + V2
Before S + V2, S + had V3
Ø Chuù yù: hình thöùc daïng haønh ñoäng tröôùc, haønh ñoäng sau.
CF46b
Choose the correct answer
_ They denied (to see / having seen) her yesterday.
1. 	He was accused of (to desert / having deserted) 	his ship two weeks ago.
2. 	They found a man (walking / to walk) along the 	street.
3. 	She let me (go / to go) out last night.
4. 	Would you mind (helping / to help) me with my 	homework?
5. 	After the children (had finished / have 	finished) the work, they went out.
6. 	Before he (buys / bought) a new car, he (had 	asked / asked) me for advise.
7. 	When we (playing / were playing) football, it 	started to rain.
8. 	He told us (keeping / to keep) quiet.
9. 	He (had waited / waited) for her at the cinema 	last night.
10. 	Mary admitted (having taken / to take) my 	money.
11. 	Tim and I went (fishing / to fish) last week. It 	was wonderful.
 CF47a 	 CF 47
Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form
_ When we (look) were looking for a hotel to rest, we saw a traffic accident.
1. 	After he (join) __________ the army, he went 	to Lao.
2. 	He decided (go) __________ to Australia for 	his holidays.
3. 	Before he (print) __________ the document, he 	had checked it up carefully.
4. 	She ordered me (wash) __________ up.
5. 	Thanh is surprised at (see) __________ her old 	friends.
6. 	We enjoy (lie) __________ on the beach in the 	morning.
7. 	He admitted (smoke) __________ in the room.
8*. Lan (not / see) __________ John yesterday.
9*. When I came, Mary (go) __________ out 	already.
10*. I expected (invite) __________ to the party by Mary.
11. 	Last night, I (sleep) __________ when I (hear) 	__________ a terrible noise outside the room. 	I (not / know) __________ what 	happened.
CF47b
v Review the simple present (oân thì hieän taïi ñôn)
² Form:
S + V(s / es) + O
_ Positive:
S + do / does not + V + O
_ Negative: 
Do / Does + S + V + O?
_ Interrogative:
	Ä Thöôøng coù caùc töø sau theo caâu: never, seldom / rarely, sometimes / occasionally, usually / often, always, every
Choose the correct answer
_ She often (get / gets) up early.
1. Lan never (drink / drinks) wine.
2. Hoa and Thanh always (study / studies) hard.
3. (Does / Do) he (play / plays) football everyday?
4. He (watches / watched) TV last night.
5. She (was having / had) dinner at 8 o’clock last night.
6. They need (practising / to practise) English more often.
7. When I was young, I (often go / often went) to school early.
 CF48a 	 CF 48
Choose the best answer
1. _______ Trang write the essay last week?
a. Does	b. Do	c. Had	 d. Did
2. _______ Quang finished the homework before 9 o’clock last night?
a. Had	b. Does	c. Did	 d. Was
3. She doesn’t _______ of going to the cinema tonight.
a. approves	b. approved	 
c. approve	d. approving
4. She kept _______ much noise in the class.
a. make	 b. making	c. to make	 d. makes
5. Because of _______ carelessly, he had an accident.
a. driving	 b. to drive c. drove	 d. drive 
6. When we _______ about John, he came in.
a. talked	 	b. were talking 
c. talking	 	d. talk
7. She denied _______ the window.
a. to break	b. to have broken
c. having broken	d. being broken
CF48b
C. Preposition:
I. Preposition of time (giôùi töø chæ thôøi gian)
	² in:
_ Thaùng: in July
_ Naêm: in 2008...
_ Muøa: in summer
	² on:
_ Ngaøy trong tuaàn: on Monday
_ Ngaøy trong thaùng: on July 25th, 2008
	² at:
_ Thôøi gian xaùc ñònh: at 7 o’clock, at night, at day
II. Some prepositions to remember 
 (1 soá giôùi töø ñaùng nhôù)
1. Adjective + prep:
_ ashamed (adj) of: xaáu hoå
_ afraid of: sôï
_ interested in: thích, quan taâm
_ fond of: thích
_ dependent on: leä thuoäc
_ surprised at: ngaïc nhieân 
 CF49a 	 CF 49
2. Verbs + prep, verb prep
_ look forward to: mong ñôïi
_ believe in: tin caäy vaøo
_ object to: phaûn ñoái
_ depend on: leä thuoäc
_ think of / about : nghó ñeán, quan taâm ñeán
_ take care of: chaêm soùc
_ take part in: tham döï
_ accuse  of: buoäc toäi
_ prevent  from: caûn trôû 
Fill in the each blank with a suitable preposition
 (ñieàn vaøo choã troáng 1 giôùi töø thích hôïp)
1. She is looking _______ meeting her husband.
2. I’m ashamed _______ my bad behavior.
3. He was accused _______ stealing the money.
4. It’s Janet’s farewell party _______ Friday.
CF49b
Choose the correct answer
_ In spite (of / in) starting late, we arrived in time.
1. 	He was born (in / on) June, 7th, 1985.
2. 	She finished the work (on / at) Saturday.
3. 	She is afraid (of / in) snakes.
4. 	We often take part (on / in) our school activities.
5. 	Are you interested (in / on) history?
6. 	You can’t prevent him (for / from) spending his 	own money.
7. 	John is always fond (in / of) music.
8. 	She arrived home (in / at) 9 o’clock last night.
9. 	Everyone objected (for / to) her coming late.
10. 	Do you believe (in / on) God?
11.	Mai depends (of / on) her parents.
12. 	She takes care (about / of) my children when I go away. 
13. 	We don’t know what to give Dad (at / in) 	Christmas.
14. 	The company made very good profit (in / by) 
	the 1990s.	
CF50a 	 CF 50
Word form
verbs
nouns
adjectives
adverbs
meanings
happiness
happy
happily
haïnh phuùc
comfort
comfort
comfortable
comfortably
thoaûi maùi
mountain
mountainous
nuùi
difficulty
difficult
difficultly
khoù khaên
volunteer
volunteer
voluntary
voluntarily
tình nguyeän
collect
collection
collective
thu nhaët
Put the words in brackets in the correct form
_ They volunteer to work in mountainous areas. (mountain)
1. He sits in a big arm chair ________. (comfort)
2. She met with many ________ when traveling. (difficult)
3. Volunteers help to bring ________ to others. (happy)
4. There is a ________ organization called Big Brothers. (volunteer)
5. ________ old bottles is a strange hobby. (collect)
CF50b
Choose the best answer
1. The final exam will be held _______ June 12th, 2010.
a. in	 b. at	 	c. on	 d. to
2. The student admitted _______ in the class room.
a. smoke	b. having smoked
c. smoked	d. to smoke
3. They look forward _______ their old friends again.
a. to meet	 b. meeting	 c. to meeting d. meet
4. I object _______ her making private calls on the office phone.
a. in	 b. for	 c. of	 d. to
5. After he _______ my house, he saw an elephant on the street.
a. had passed	b. passed	c. passes	d. passing
6. Would you mind _______ for a moment?
a. to wait	b. to waiting	
c. wait	d. waiting
7. I expect _______ good marks in the coming exams.
a. having	b. having had	c. have d. to have
8. My father let me ________ out for a dinner.
a. go 	b. to go	c. going	d. went

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